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Fabric cutouts that will become masks are lined up at Xtreme Pro Apparel on March 23 in Broomfield, Colo. Photo: Helen H. Richardson/The Denver Post

The U.S. is scouring the globe and leaning on non-medical manufacturers to help overcome shortages of ventilators, masks, gloves and gowns.

Why it matters: Nearly 90% of U.S. mayors who responded to a national survey on coronavirus preparedness said they lack sufficient tests kits, face masks and other protective equipment for their emergency responders and medical workers, the Washington Post reports.

  • 85% said their hospitals do not have enough ventilators.

By the numbers: Cities that were able to provide estimates reported a need for 28.5 million face masks, 24.4 million personal protective gear items like gowns and gloves, 7.9 million test kits and 139,000 ventilators.

  • But the numbers don't come close to reflecting the full picture.

The Department of Health and Human Services estimates hospitals will need up to 3.5 billion medical-grade N95 respirator masks over a year, CNBC reports.

  • The Strategic National Stockpile, the nation’s emergency stockpile of drugs and medical supplies, has 12 million N95 masks and 30 million surgical face masks on hand — or 1% of what's needed, per CNBC.

Demand for hospital resources is projected to peak in early April in many states, and nationwide on April 14, according to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington.

  • On that day, they project almost 19,000 ventilators will be needed nationwide, and it predicts a shortage of 49,000 hospital beds, including nearly 15,000 intensive-care beds.

Where it stands: Trump said Friday that the administration is working with about 10 ventilator companies to increase production, and will make or obtain 100,000 of the machines over the next 100 days.

  • He's ordering General Motors and a partner, Ventec Life Systems, to produce them under the wartime Defense Production Act.
  • The companies say they could ramp up to as many as 10,000 ventilators a month by the end of April, up from 250 per month today.
  • GE Healthcare, Philips, Hamilton Medical and other companies are also scrambling to sharply increase ventilator production, with help from other automakers.

Masks are another big need. Production is sharply increasing, and the government is soliciting donations of tens of millions of N95 masks certified for other purposes like construction.

  • Honeywell is hiring 500 additional workers and gearing up to produce more respirator masks, but says it'll take up to 30 days to set up an additional manufacturing plant.
  • 3M says it has doubled its N95 manufacturing output and is now producing 35 million a month in the United States.
  • Tens of millions of additional N95 masks targeted for construction uses can now be sold to hospitals, thanks to new legislation signed last week.
  • Apple has donated 9 million N95 masks, Vice President Mike Pence said on Tuesday.
  • Many hospitals are starting to disinfect and reuse respirator masks while they wait for backlogged supply.

What to watch: The demand for masks could increase dramatically. Some experts say more Americans should wear masks to help reduce the spread of the virus, especially by people who don't have symptoms of the disease, per NYT.

Go deeper: New York's race against the clock on coronavirus

Go deeper

Updated 4 hours ago - World

Over 3,000 detained in protests across Russia demanding Navalny's release

Russian police officers beat protestesters at a rally against of jailing of oppositon leader Alexei Navalny in Moscow on Saturday. Photo: Mikhail Svetlov/Getty Images

Police in Russia on Saturday arrested more than 3,300 people as protesters nationwide demanded that opposition leader Alexey Navalny be released from jail.

Details: Demonstrations began in the eastern regions of Russia and spread west to more than 60 cities.

Updated 6 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Arizona Republicans censure Cindy McCain and GOP governor

Combination images of Cindy McCain and Gov. Doug Ducey. Photo: FilmMagic/FilmMagic for U.S.VETS/Michael Brochstein/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

Arizona Republican Party members voted on Saturday to censure prominent GOP figures Cindy McCain, Gov. Doug Ducey and former Sen. Jeff Flake (R-Ariz.), who've all faced clashes with former President Trump.

Why it matters: Although the resolution is symbolic, this move plus the re-election of the Trump-endorsed Kelli Ward as state GOP chair shows the strong hold the former president has on the party in Arizona, despite President Biden winning the state in the 2020 election.

Updated 9 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

  1. Health: Most vulnerable Americans aren't getting enough vaccine information — Fauci says Trump administration's lack of facts on COVID "very likely" cost lives.
  2. Education: Schools face an uphill battle to reopen during the pandemic.
  3. Vaccine: Florida requiring proof of residency to get vaccine — CDC extends interval between vaccine doses for exceptional cases.
  4. World: Hong Kong puts tens of thousands on lockdown as cases surge — Pfizer to supply 40 million vaccine doses to lower-income countries — Brazil begins distributing AstraZeneca vaccine.
  5. Sports: 2021 Tokyo Olympics hang in the balance.
  6. 🎧 Podcast: Carbon Health's CEO on unsticking the vaccine bottleneck.