Photo: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

Five Bay Area school districts filed separate lawsuits against Juul Labs in San Francisco's federal district court Tuesday, alleging the e-cigarette maker has been targeting minors.

Why it matters: It's the latest litigation against Juul to make such allegations. New York filed a lawsuit last month accusing it of preying on and misleading teenagers with its ads and for failing to warn about potential health risks associated with using its products.

  • School districts on Long Island and in Olathe, Kansas, and St. Charles, Missouri, filed suits against Juul "accusing it of endangering students and forcing educators to divert time and money to fight an epidemic of nicotine addiction," the New York Times reported in October.

Details: Per a statement sent to news outlets including Axios, the lawsuits filed by the school districts and also the San Mateo Office of Education and its superintendent seek damages for marketing efforts that "specifically targeted" youth under 18 with advertising and messaging "designed to appeal to minors."

  • "The districts also hope to change Juul's marketing practices that encourage youth to become addicted to their products," according to the statement.

The big picture: The lawsuits come as health officials and lawmakers treat teen vaping as an epidemic, with President Trump expressing concern and weighing raising the minimum age for e-cigarette purchases to 21.

  • Juul is also facing a wrongful death lawsuit and litigation from a former company executive alleging it sent to market at least "one million mint-flavored e-cigarette nicotine pods that it admits were contaminated."
  • The company denies any wrongdoing.

What they're saying: A Juul Labs spokesperson said in a statement emailed to Axios in response to the latest litigation, "We remain focused on resetting the vapor category in the U.S. and earning the trust of society by working cooperatively with attorneys general, regulators, public health officials, and other stakeholders to combat underage use and convert adult smokers from combustible cigarettes."

  • The spokesperson said the firm had stopped accepting orders as part of this process for its Mint JUULpods in the U.S. and suspended all broadcast, print and digital product advertising in the U.S.
  • Juul is "investing in scientific research to ensure the quality of our FDA Premarket Tobacco Product Application (PMTA) application and expanding our commitment to develop new technology to reduce youth use," the spokesperson said.
  • "Our customer base is the world’s 1 billion adult smokers and we do not intend to attract underage users. To the extent these cases allege otherwise, they are without merit," per the Juul spokesperson.

Go deeper:

Go deeper

Twitter launches warnings on election misinformation and delays

Photo: courtesy of Twitter

Twitter will start pinning notices to the top of all U.S. Twitter users’ timelines warning that results in next week’s election may be delayed and that they may encounter misinformation on mail-in voting.

Why it matters: Delayed election results are expected across many states that are handling unprecedented amounts of absentee and mailed ballots, which President Trump has baselessly called "very dangerous" and "corrupt."

Miriam Kramer, author of Space
2 hours ago - Science

NASA confirms water exists on sunny parts of the Moon

Photo: NASA/JPL/USGS

Water on the Moon might be more easily accessible than previously thought, opening up new possible avenues for future human exploration, according to a new study.

Why it matters: NASA is aiming to send people back to the Moon as part of its Artemis program by 2024, with plans to eventually create a sustainable presence on the lunar surface. That sustainability relies on mining the moon for its resources, like water.

Updated 3 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Pence no longer expected at Amy Coney Barrett's final confirmation vote

Photo: Ben Hasty/MediaNews Group/Reading Eagle via Getty Images

Vice President Mike Pence no longer plans to attend the Senate's final confirmation vote for Judge Amy Coney Barrett, a Pence aide confirmed to CNN and Politico on Monday. On Sunday, Senate Democrats claimed that his presence after possible exposure to the coronavirus would be a "violation of common decency."

Driving the news: Five of Pence's aides were recently diagnosed with COVID-19, including his chief of staff, who is currently quarantining. Pence has continued his campaign travel despite his possible exposure, which goes against CDC guidelines.