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A one-month pack of hormonal birth control pills. Photo: Rich Pedroncelli / AP

Women who use hormonal birth control — pills or devices that release hormones — are at a slightly higher risk for breast cancer, per a new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Why it matters: It "upends widely held assumptions about modern contraceptives for younger generations of women," who think hormonal contraceptives are safer than old methods that contained higher amounts of estrogen, the New York Times reports.

The numbers: Scientists studied 1.8 million Danish women for over a decade and found those who used hormonal contraceptives had about a 20% increased risk of developing breast cancer. Among women who used hormonal birth control for more than 10 years, the risk rose to 38%. The study estimates 55 cases of breast cancer among every 100,000 women who do not use hormonal contraceptives and 68 cases among every 100,000 who do.

The bottom line: The study showed a relatively small increased risk for cancer among women who used these forms of contraceptives. Still, “there was a hope that the contemporary preparations would be associated with lower risk ... This is the first study with substantial data to show that’s not the case," David J. Hunter, a professor of epidemiology and medicine at the University of Oxford, told the NYT.

Go deeper

Caitlin Owens, author of Vitals
4 hours ago - Health

Biden taps ex-FDA chief to lead Operation Warp Speed amid rollout of COVID plan

Photo: Alex Wong/Getty Images

President-elect Joe Biden has picked former FDA chief David Kessler to lead Operation Warp Speed, a day after unveiling a nearly $2 trillion pandemic relief plan that includes $400 billion for directly combatting the virus.

Why it matters: Biden's transition team said Kessler has been advising the president-elect since the beginning of the pandemic, and hopes his involvement will help accelerate vaccination, the New York Times reports. Operation Warp Speed's current director, Moncef Slaoui, will stay on as a consultant.

The case of the missing relief money

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

A chunk of stimulus payments is missing in action, thanks to a mix up that put as many as 13 million checks into invalid bank accounts.

Why it matters: The IRS (by law) was supposed to get all payments out by Friday. Now the onus could shift to Americans to claim the money on their tax refund — further delaying relief to struggling, lower-income Americans.

The post-Trump GOP, gutted

McConnell (L), McCarthy (R) and Trump. Photo: Erin Schaff-Pool/Getty Images

Republicans will emerge from the Trump era gutted financially, institutionally and structurally.

The big picture: The losses are stark and substantial.