Jobs created, BLS via FRED; Jobless claims: U.S. Employment and Training Administration via FRED; Chart: Andrew Witherspoon/Axios

The past month's twin tolls: More than 30,000 dead Americans and 22 million more losing their jobs.

Why it matters: The return to normal after the coronavirus lockdown is going to be slow and painful.

President Trump told governors this afternoon that he wants to begin to reopen the U.S. economy on May 1, Axios' Alayna Treene and Margaret Talev report.

  • He called on states with low coronavirus numbers to begin to reopen their economies on May 1, with the caveat that states should go at their own pace.
  • "You states with beautifully low numbers, let's get your states open and get back to work."
  • The White House distributed a document of guidelines for "Opening up America Again" that offers proposed phased reopenings in states or regions that meet certain "gating" criteria.

The big picture: Since President Trump announced the "15 Days to Slow the Spread" guidelines on March 16:

  • More than 600,000 Americans tested positive for the coronavirus.
  • More than 30,000 died, including more than 10,000 in New York alone.
  • More than 22 million filed for unemployment. The total increase in employment since the Great Recession is now gone.
  • More than 1 million small businesses were approved for loans from the stimulus bill. Many more were still awaiting approval when it was exhausted. We don't know how many will shutter for lack of loans or funds arriving too late.
  • Those who can't work from home are either out of work or forced to put their health on the line.

Between the lines: There is a big gap between what's being said on television vs. public opinion, if the latest Pew Research poll is even close.

  • 66% are concerned state governments will lift restrictions too quickly.
  • 73% say the worst is yet to come from the outbreak.
  • 65% say President Trump was too slow in taking big steps.

What's next: Some states are already extending their lockdowns, including New York, which will hunker down through May 15.

  • Meanwhile, a group of Midwestern states are the latest to announce a joint regional plan to reopen businesses.

The bottom line: No return to normal will be possible without getting this virus under control, which requires a testing capacity we've yet to establish.

Go deeper

Updated 2 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 10 a.m. ET: 19,412,292 — Total deaths: 722,066 — Total recoveries — 11,773,112Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 10 a.m. ET: 4,945,795 — Total deaths: 161,456 — Total recoveries: 1,623,870 — Total tests: 60,415,558Map.
  3. Politics: Trump says he's prepared to sign executive orders on coronavirus aid.
  4. Public health: Fauci says chances are "not great" that COVID-19 vaccine will be 98% effective
  5. Science: Indoor air is the next coronavirus frontline.
  6. World: Africa records over 1 million coronavirus cases — Gates Foundation puts $150 million behind coronavirus vaccine production.
2 hours ago - Health

Indoor air is the next coronavirus frontline

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

A growing body of research has made it clear that airborne transmission of the coronavirus is possible.

Why it matters: That fact means indoor spaces can become hot spots. Those spaces also happen to be where most business and schooling takes place, so any hope for a return to normality will require better ways of filtering indoor air.

The silver linings of online school

Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

Online learning can be frustrating for students, teachers and parents, but some methods are working.

The big picture: Just as companies are using this era of telework to try new things, some principals, teachers and education startups are treating remote learning as a period of experimentation, too.