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Expand chart
Reproduced from Heartland Forward; Map: Axios Visuals

A report out today says that with the right strategies, states in America's heartland can increase opportunities for residents to move into the middle class.

State of play: The American middle class has been declining for years as both upper- and lower-income groups have grown, creating a wider gap between the two.

  • A strong middle class is recognized as important for economic stability, and to drive innovation, build businesses, and pay taxes.

The big picture: The report by Heartland Forward outlines how the 20 states in the center of the country can identify opportunity occupations — ones that pay enough for financial stability but don't require a four-year college degree — and create pathways to fill those jobs, especially outside major metro areas.

  • Heartland Forward is a Bentonville-based think tank focused on improving economic performance in the 20-state region in the center of the U.S.
  • Unique to this study is a dedicated effort to include opportunities in non-metro regions (areas with fewer than 50,000 residents), Ross DeVol, president and CEO of Heartland Forward, tells Axios.
  • 17.5% of the U.S. population lives in non-metro areas.

What they did: The report uses data on wages, median incomes and job growth projections to identify jobs that provide a living wage without requiring higher education.

Details: Eight jobs come out on top across metro and non-metro regions of heartland states.

  1. Registered nurses
  2. Truck drivers
  3. Maintenance and repair workers
  4. Retail supervisors
  5. Bookkeeping, accounting clerks
  6. Construction laborers
  7. Secretaries, administrative assistants
  8. Customer service representatives

The intrigue: The authors found that non-metro areas have a larger percentage of jobs that qualify as opportunity occupations. That includes:

  • Metal and plastic machine operators in Arkansas and Iowa
  • Cooling and freezing equipment operators in Minnesota and Arkansas
  • Farmworkers and laborers in Iowa
  • Surface mining workers and manicurists/pedicurists in Tennessee

Yes, but: The authors point out the heartland is projected to have lower employment growth for the next five years, and many of the opportunity jobs will decline.

  • However, the five-year projected rates in the heartland are better than the national projection.

What to watch: The report's authors urge policymakers to consider which occupations are projected for growth in their areas and make sure conditions are in place to provide career paths.

  • Training, wage transparency, encouraging investment and making sure policies don't hinder growth industries are important factors.
  • Plus: Vocational schools and community colleges should look to tie curriculum to the needs of employers in their regions, DeVol says.

What they're saying: The report isn't a complete economic blueprint for policymakers, but DeVol hopes they'll use it as a guide to develop a long-term strategy.

  • "As the cost of obtaining a four-year degree rises, jobs in fields like health care, transportation and logistics offer appealing alternatives for workers who aspire to earn stable, middle-class wages," DeVol says.

Go deeper

Felix Salmon, author of Capital
Updated Sep 3, 2021 - Economy & Business

U.S. added 235,000 jobs in August, a massive slowdown

Data: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Chart: Axios Visuals

The U.S. economy added a meager 235,000 jobs in August, while the unemployment rate fell from 5.4% to 5.2%, the government said Friday.

Why it matters: It's the first jobs report to factor in the extent of the COVID-19 surge driven by the Delta variant — showing a massive slowdown in the recovery after July's blockbuster jobs report. Economists had expected 725,000 jobs to be added.

EPA: Climate change disproportionately affects marginalized communities

Homes stand partially flooded in LaPlace, Louisiana on Aug. 30 in the aftermath of Hurricane Ida. Photo: Patrick Fallon/AFP via Getty Images

The effects of climate change disproportionately fall on "underserved communities who are least able to prepare for, and recover from, heat waves, poor air quality, flooding, and other impacts," according to an Environmental Protection Agency report released Thursday.

Why it matters: “The impacts of climate change that we are feeling today, from extreme heat to flooding to severe storms, are expected to get worse, and people least able to prepare and cope are disproportionately exposed," EPA Administrator Michael Regan said in a statement.

Felix Salmon, author of Capital
1 hour ago - Economy & Business

Investors pour millions into immersive, interactive art experiences

Photo Illustration: Megan Robinson/Axios. Photo: Martin Bureau/AFP via Getty Images

How much would you pay for "a sleek, if pleasantly confusing, package of moods" or "a confusing tangle of disjointed installations" or even "the total erosion of meaning itself"? The answer, according to the current market-clearing price, seems to be about $35.

Why it matters: Investors are pouring hundreds of millions of dollars into ticketed experiences — immersive, interactive museum-like spaces that don't have the d0-not-touch stuffiness of traditional museums.

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