Apr 30, 2020 - Energy & Environment

Why Big Oil says it opposes special handouts in coronavirus crisis

Amy Harder, author of Generate

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

The American Petroleum Institute wants to avoid political baggage that could come from any special government program helping the beleaguered sector.

What they're saying: "Once you invite the government into these businesses, there are long-term repercussions for that, and I think that has weighed heavily on this industry's mind," said Mike Sommers, API president and CEO.

The big picture: The oil and gas industry could see dozens, maybe hundreds, of bankruptcies in the coming months and years as the sector grapples with pandemic-fueled shutdowns choking oil demand, a recent analysis by consultancy Rystad Energy found.

  • Even before the coronavirus crisis, many companies were doing poorly financially.
  • Sommers indicated these firms should not get government support.
“We want to make sure if you were solvent going into this crisis and credit-worthy going into this crisis, you can survive this crisis. For some firms, that was not the case. I don’t think we’re interested in programs that would send good money after bad.”
— Mike Sommers, API CEO and president

The intrigue: Sommers, who represents the industry's largest trade group with more than 600 members, said broader emergency loan programs Congress has already created to offer a range of troubled companies is sufficient for oil producers too. Most of the sector is opposed to special treatment given the longer term political consequences, Sommers said.

  • He shared a comment he said a CEO of one of API's members, a major independent oil and gas company, told him. "You can't ask for capitalism on the way up and then socialism on the way down," Sommers relayed.
  • Sommers spoke to Axios as the White House prepared to offer details on a brewing aid plan aimed at smaller and medium-sized companies.

Flashback: Sommers recalled his time working on Capitol Hill during the government's response to the 2008-2009 recession, where a range of companies, including banks and auto makers, received federal loans. He referred specifically to Jamie Dimon, CEO of JP Morgan Chase, which took $25 billion in recovery loans at the time.

  • "Washington is littered with people who have taken these kinds of money from the federal government and most of the time they are still paying for that kind of government involvement," Sommers said. "Every time Jamie Dimon has to go to the Hill, he has to answer for that [Troubled Asset Relief Program] money he didn't want to take, that he was asked by the government to take."

But, but, but: Not everyone in the industry agrees with API. API's membership is largest and most diverse but also often dominated by the biggest international producers like Exxon and Shell.

  • Lee Fuller, executive vice president of the Independent Petroleum Association of America, which represents smaller and more U.S.-based producers said his group would support a specific program if that's what it would take.
  • "We have a lot more companies in our membership that have been facing these struggles than perhaps API does," Fuller said. "We're trying to make sure they're getting a fair shot."

Go deeper: Trump's plans to help the oil industry (Washington Examiner)

Go deeper

As techlash heats up again, here's who's stoking the fire

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

As controversies around online speech rage against a backdrop of racial tension, presidential provocation and a pandemic, a handful of companies, lawmakers and advocacy groups have continued to promote a backlash against Big Tech.

The big picture: Companies like Facebook and Google got a reputational boost at the start of the coronavirus lockdown, but that respite from criticism proved brief. They're now once again walking a minefield of regulatory investigations, public criticism and legislative threats over antitrust concerns, content moderation and privacy concerns.

Cities are retooling public transit to lure riders back

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

After being told for months to stay away from others, the idea of being shoulder to shoulder again in a bus or subway terrifies many people, requiring sweeping changes to public transit systems for the COVID-19 era.

Why it matters: Cities can't come close to resuming normal economic activity until large numbers of people feel comfortable using public transportation.

The policies that could help fix policing

 Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

George Floyd's death has reignited the long and frustrating push to reform a law enforcement system whose systemic flaws have been visible for years.

Why it matters: Solving these problems will require deep political, structural and cultural changes, experts and advocates say — but they also point to a handful of specific policy changes that, while not a cure, would make a difference.