British Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks in the United Nations General Assembly Hall Monday. Photo: Don Emmert/AFP/Getty Images

Britain's Supreme Court ruled in a unanimous decision by all 11 justices Tuesday that the ongoing suspension of Parliament by Prime Minister Boris Johnson's government is unlawful, the BBC reports.

Why it matters: In response to the decision, House of Commons Speaker John Bercow has ruled that the Commons will sit Wednesday morning — prompting a dilemma for Johnson, who is currently at the United Nations General Assembly in New York.

The effect on the fundamentals of our democracy was extreme."
— Lady Hale, president of the U.K. Supreme Court

The state of play: Lady Hale, President of the U.K. Supreme Court, said in her ruling that Johnson's advice to Queen Elizabeth II was "unlawful, void and has no effect," and so was the prorogation of Parliament for 5 weeks. House of Commons Speaker John Bercow has ruled that the Commons will sit tomorrow morning

  • As Axios' Shane Savitsky notes, the ruling means that the queen is in an awkward place as she approved the order to suspend Parliament based on advice from Johnson's administration.
  • While that might traditionally lead Johnson to resign immediately, he indicated this week that he has no intention of doing so, per The Guardian.

What they're saying: The prime minister's office told the BBC it was "processing the decision." Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab told the BBC beforehand that the government would "abide by the ruling," but the broadcaster noted that Johnson has refused to rule out seeking to prorogue Parliament for a second time if the Supreme Court ruled against him.

  • House Speaker John Bercow welcomed the ruling and said in a statement the House of Commons must now convene without delay, per Sky News. "To this end, I will now consult the party leaders as a matter of urgency," he said.
  • Opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn said on stage at the Labour Party conference that the court's decision demonstrated that Johnson is guilty of "contempt of democracy" and an "abuse of power."

The big picture: It's the latest in a series of blows for Johnson, who's in New York City for the United Nations General Assembly this week. Before prorogation began, members of Parliament voted to pass legislation requiring Johnson to extend Brexit beyond Oct. 31 if no deal is in place by Oct. 19.

  • The ruling Conservatives expelled 21 lawmakers who voted against Johnson to pass the legislation — including Winston Churchill's grandson, Sir Nicholas Soames.
  • Johnson has twice failed in his attempts to call a snap election.
  • Johnson has vowed to deliver Brexit on Halloween, "do or die." If he defies the law, he could face jail — or choose to resign rather than break his promise, Savitsky notes.

Read the ruling:

Go deeper: The wild scenes on Parliament's last day before prorogation

Go deeper

34 mins ago - Podcasts

The fight over fracking

Fracking has become a flashpoint in the election's final week, particularly in Pennsylvania where both President Trump and Joe Biden made stops on Monday. But much of the political rhetoric has ignored that the industry has gone from boom to bust, beset by layoffs, bankruptcies and fire-sale mergers.

Axios Re:Cap digs into the state of fracking, and what it means for the future of American energy, with Bob McNally, president of Rapidan Energy Group.

Democrats sound alarm on mail-in votes

Photo: Mark Makela/Getty Images

Democrats are calling a last-minute audible on mail-in voting after last night's Supreme Court ruling on Wisconsin.

Driving the news: Wisconsin Democrats and the Democratic secretary of state of Michigan are urging voters to return absentee ballots to election clerks’ offices or drop boxes. They are warning that the USPS may not be able to deliver ballots by the Election Day deadline.

Nxivm cult leader Keith Raniere sentenced to life in prison

Carts full of court documents related to the U.S. v. Keith Raniere case arrive at the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York in May 2019. Photo: Drew Angerer/Getty Images

Nxivm cult leader Keith Raniere, 60, was sentenced to 120 years in prison on Tuesday in federal court for sex trafficking among other crimes, the New York Times reports.

Catch up quick: Raniere was convicted last summer with sex trafficking, conspiracy, sexual exploitation of a child, racketeering, forced labor and possession of child pornography. His so-called self-improvement workshops, which disguised rampant sexual abuse, were popular among Hollywood and business circles.