Jun 3, 2019

Axios PM

Good afternoon. Today's PM is 482 words, a < 2 minute read.

1 big thing: Ramadan in 2019

Guests break the fast at the Minnesota Governor's residence in May. Photo: Leila Navidi/Star Tribune via Getty Images

The world's 1.6 billion Muslims are concluding Ramadan, the annual month of fasting — no food, no drink — from sunrise to sunset.

Why it matters: In the U.S., Muslims number nearly 3.5 million, which could be more than 8 million by 2050, Pew Research Center projects.

  • 80% say they fast during Ramadan.
  • Across America, mosques added security this holiday season after attacks like the New Zealand mosque shooting that killed 51 earlier this year. [WashPost]
  • Civil rights groups have noted issues getting prisoners access to holy texts, time and space to properly pray, and flexible eating schedules during Ramadan.

Between the lines: In war-torn Yemen and Syria, fasting is extra hard during Ramadan.

  • "We fast in the daytime and starve in the night," Fatima Salah of Yemen told Al-Jazeera in 2017.
  • "Most families are now separated, so the intimacy of Ramadan is not really there," Ahed Saed Al-Homsi of Syria told Great Big Story.

What's next: Eid al-Fitr, a festival of prayer, family, food and almsgiving.

  • To wish someone a happy Eid, say "Eid Mubarak"

Go deeper:

  • Five Ramadan Iftar Meals Around the World [Great Big Story]
  • Turkish basketball star Enes Kanter fasted while playing in the NBA playoffs
  • Hundreds of American Muslims participate in the Fasting 5k, an annual race during Ramadan that raises money for children with disabilities
  • During Ramadan, late-night cricket is in full swing [LA Times]
  • Why the date of Eid is up for debate [The Economist]
Bonus: Pic du jour
Photo: Tolga Akmen/AFP/Getty Images

President Trump and First Lady Melania Trump meet the Queen.

2. What you missed
  1. Trump greeted London this morning by railing against CNN owner AT&T, essentially urging a consumer boycott. Details.
  2. The House Judiciary Committee will hold a series of hearings on the Mueller report beginning on June 10, according to Chairman Jerry Nadler. Go deeper.
  3. Tesla CEO Elon Musk said the company's planned pickup truck will cost less than $50,000, InsideEVs reports.
  4. Olympic champion Caster Semenya won't need to take testosterone-reducing medication, BBC reports.
  5. Apple unveiled a redesigned Mac Pro and iOS 13, along with previewed updates for iPad, Mac, Apple TV and Apple Watch operating system. Go deeper.
3. 1 film thing

Photo: Vittorio Zunino Celotto/Getty Images

Quentin Tarantino sure does appreciate spaghetti westerns, arguing they paved the way for modern movies:

  • "There was ... a realism to them: those shitty Mexican towns, the little shacks — a bit bigger to accommodate the camera — all the plates they put the beans on, the big wooden spoons."
  • "In the late 1960s, American westerns let the Italians take over because Italian movies weren’t tired. They seemed like a response to the westerns that we’d been seeing for ever. The combination of the surreality and the violence."
  • "They don’t seem that violent now, but they seemed very violent then, because they didn’t take it that seriously: Italians laugh at violence, that special type of gallows humour. And there was the youth and energy."
  • "A lot of the heroes were young guys from earlier American western TV series. But they dressed cooler, they acted cooler. They were the perfect thing for the 1960s revolution that was happening at the time."