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Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

2020 Democrats are being forced to reckon with a broken, complicated immigration system and offer solutions to a crisis that has become emotionally charged and politically risky.

The bottom line: There may be solutions to prevent so many migrant kids from coming into custody in the first place, but the answers we received showed the challenges of dealing with the status quo.

  1. There is broad agreement for ending child separation, but the government has little capacity for detaining or caring for migrant families together.
  2. Some want to shut down child migrant camps like Homestead in Florida, but the U.S. is already strained for capacity on existing facilities.
  3. And others want to work to immediately reunite kids with family in the U.S., but the child migrant crisis also includes unaccompanied kids who might not have family or potential guardians in the country.

The big picture: Axios asked every Democratic presidential campaign what they'd do for migrant children on Day 1 as president. Their answers are paraphrased below.

  1. Joe Biden: End child separation.
  2. Bernie Sanders: End child separation, undo all Trump executive orders on immigrants.
  3. Kamala Harris: End child separation.
  4. Elizabeth Warren: End child separation, close detention centers like Homestead.
  5. Pete Buttigieg: Expand an Obama-era program that provided alternatives to detention for migrant families seeking asylum.
  6. Beto O'Rourke: End child separation, reinstate an Obama-era program that granted Central American minors temporary legal residence in the United States, expand the use of alternatives to detention programs for non-criminal migrants.
  7. Cory Booker: Reinstate Central American minors program, ending immigrant detention.
  8. Julian Castro: End zero tolerance policy, end child separation.
  9. Tulsi Gabbard: Declined to comment.
  10. Andrew Yang: End child separation.
  11. Amy Klobuchar: End child separation, reverse attempts to undo Flores Agreement.
  12. Michael Bennet: End child separation.
  13. Kirsten Gillibrand: End child separation and reform the asylum process.
  14. Steve Bullock: End child separation.
  15. Bill de Blasio: End zero tolerance, put child welfare experts at border patrol stations. reverse attempts to undo Flores Agreement.
  16. Jay Inslee: End child separation.
  17. John Hickenlooper: End child separation.
  18. John Delaney: End child separation.
  19. Tim Ryan: No specifics.
  20. Marianne Williamson: End child separation, close detention centers.
  21. Eric Swalwell: End child separation.
  22. Mike Gravel: Close the camps housing migrant kids.
  23. Wayne Messam: End child separation, "allocate executive funding to properly accommodate children and families held into custody."
  24. Seth Moulton: End family separation.
  25. Joe Sestak: End family separation, and will "mobilize all resources — money to personnel" to bring them back together.

Go deeper

Trump bump: NYT and WaPo digital subscriptions tripled since 2016

Data: Axios reporting and public filings; Chart: Axios Visuals

The New York Times and The Washington Post have very different strategies for building the subscription news company of the future.

The big picture: Sources tell Axios that the Post is nearing 3 million digital subscribers, a 50% year-over-year growth in subscriptions and more than 3x the number of digital-only subscribers it had in 2016. The New York Times now has more than 6 million digital-only subscribers, nearly 3x its number from 2016.

Ben Geman, author of Generate
45 mins ago - Energy & Environment

Biden's emerging climate orbit

Photo illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios. Photo: Win McNamee/Getty Images

As of Tuesday morning, we know a lot more about President-elect Joe Biden climate personnel orbit, even as picks for agencies like EPA and DOE are outstanding, so here are a few early conclusions.

Why it matters: They're the highest-level names yet announced who will have a role in what Biden is promising will be a far-reaching climate and energy agenda.

Janet Yellen is back

Photo illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios. Photo: Hannelore Foerster/Getty Images

A face familiar to Wall Street is back as a central player that this time will need to steer the country out of a deep economic crisis.

Driving the news: President-elect Joe Biden is preparing to nominate former Fed chair Janet Yellen to be Treasury secretary.