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Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

Compounded stress and exhaustion from worrying about the coronavirus pandemic since the start of the year is leading to "COVID fatigue" and serious mental health issues, some medical experts say.

Why it matters: This can lead to risky behavior that can increase the spread of the coronavirus as well as raise levels of depression and anxiety that foment the abuse of alcohol or drugs.

State of play: As schools, universities and businesses reopen, there's been anecdotal evidence people are taking riskier behaviors via large gatherings and other venues.

  • "We're still very much in the throes of this and I have been arguing that we have more days ahead of us than we do behind us. So, we may feel like we are done with this pandemic, but, as the old saying goes, the pandemic is not done with us," Ashish Jha, dean of the School of Public Health at Brown University, said Wednesday at the O'Neill Institute Colloquium.
  • Jha said it's "unrealistic" to believe the pandemic will be controlled before the summer or fall of 2021.
  • Some experts say, though, the realization that this pandemic will last longer than they first expected is leading to people exhibiting "COVID fatigue."

What's happening: "COVID fatigue is a shorthand way of talking about a constellation of challenges that people are facing that are leading to just an overall sense of exhaustion," David Sbarra, a clinical psychologist and professor at the University of Arizona, tells Axios.

  • People are facing stressors that range from the constant need to change our normal behavior to mitigate the virus to the economic impact from an unemployment tsunami in a society without a strong social safety net, he says.
  • "We know that people are feeling burnt out by trying to maintain and manage work in several different roles. For instance, if you're a parent at home and you have young children, you're trying to facilitate their home schooling and their virtual learning while also trying to do your job," Sbarra says.
  • "We're more depressed, we're lonelier, and we're just exhausted by this," he adds.

The length of the pandemic is also a factor in people's coping mechanisms, says Kaye Hermanson, a clinical psychologist at UC Davis Health.

  • "When it's gone on this long, our brains have to try to find a way to accommodate that. I think a lot of people with fatigue, who kind of give up on doing what they know is recommended ... may have been dealing with some cognitive dissonance," Hermanson says.

As a result, there's been "changes in clinically significant and meaningful rates of anxiety and depression," Sbarra says. This is seen in a recent Census Bureau report and in higher mental health screenings.

  • And there's been a "profound increase" in so-called deaths of despair from alcohol and substance abuse as well as death by suicide, he points out, calling it "one of the most dire warnings signs happening right now."
  • A recent analysis estimates there could be 75,000 additional deaths from alcohol and drug misuse and suicide from the pandemic.

Some steps to take:

  • "Don't doomscroll through Twitter right before going to bed," Sbarra says. Make sure to get enough sleep and and eat healthy.
  • Practice positive thinking, go for a socially distanced walk outside, and reach out to others for support, like a pastor or a counselor, Hermanson says. She noted one silver lining is that mental health therapists have pinned down some best practices for telehealth.

Go deeper: The risk of loneliness and trauma from COVID-19.

Go deeper

Dec 12, 2020 - Health

CDC: Public schools need about $22 billion to safely reopen doors

Illustration: Rebecca Zisser / Axios

Public schools would have to spend between $55 and $442 per student on average to implement COVID-19 safety precautions for in-person classes, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention calculated on Friday.

Why it matters: Schools have already spent millions to re-open and close — hitting many districts with pandemic-strained budgets particularly hard.

Dec 11, 2020 - Health

Devin Nunes says he's tested positive for COVID-19 antibodies

Rep. Devin Nunes. Photo: Alex Edelman/Getty Images

Rep. Devin Nunes (R-Calif.) told California radio station KMJNOW on Friday that he's tested positive for coronavirus antibodies.

The big picture: Nunes has faced criticism for downplaying the seriousness of the virus. In March, he encouraged healthy people to "go out" despite the advice of public health experts for people to stay home.

Dec 12, 2020 - Health

FDA authorizes Pfizer's coronavirus vaccine for emergency use

Photo: Robin Utrecht/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

The Food and Drug Administration has issued an emergency use authorization for Pfizer-BioNTech's coronavirus vaccine, the agency announced on Friday night.

Why it matters: It's a major milestone in the U.S. fight against COVID-19, clearing the way for the initial rollout of a vaccine that has been found to be 95% effective with no serious side effects.