A September census event in Reading, Pa. Photo: Ben Hasty/MediaNews Group/Reading Eagle via Getty Images

The Trump administration filed an emergency application to the Supreme Court Wednesday in an attempt to stop the census count early, after a federal judge ordered that it continue through Oct. 31, the Economist first reported.

Driving the news: A federal appeals court rejected the Trump administration's request earlier Wednesday to end the count early, after U.S. District Judge Lucy Koh issued a preliminary injunction in San Jose, California, allowing the head count of every U.S. resident to continue through the end of October.

Catch up quick: The Census Bureau said last Friday it would continue its count through Oct. 31 as ordered by Koh, who indicated last month she may move forward with contempt proceedings after Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross defied the injunction when he ordered the 2020 census and field operations to end Oct. 5.

  • Koh said the Census Bureau, as well as the Department of Commerce, violated her Sept. 24 injunction order "in several ways" and "a flood of emails to the Court and the parties suggests ongoing non-compliance in the field."
  • The Department of Justice declined to comment beyond confirming the court filing.

Editor's note: This article has been updated to reflect that the DOJ declined to comment.

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Why it matters: President Trump and Senate Republicans have succeeded in confirming a third conservative justice in just four years, tilting the balance of the Supreme Court firmly to the right for perhaps a generation.

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Of note: As Republicans applauded the action, Democratic leaders warned of consequences to the rush to replace the late liberal Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg with a conservative so close to the election, as progressives led calls to expand the court.

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The big picture: The protests in Italian cities still reeling from the first lockdown mark some of the biggest resistance against measures seen yet as restrictions return across Europe, which is facing a second coronavirus wave. Here's what's been happening in cities across the continent, in photos.

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