EPA to propose auto emissions limits in new EV adoption drive
Why it matters: Transportation is the country's largest source of greenhouse gas emissions.
- Curbing pollution from vehicles is a crucial aspect of the U.S. pledge under the Paris Agreement to cut emissions by 50% below 2005 levels by 2030.
Driving the news: The EPA is expected to roll out a draft plan setting emissions rules for light-duty vehicles including cars, SUVs and pickups from model years 2027-2032, an agency official told Axios.
- Another draft plan will set rules for heavy-duty vehicles and engines.
- The New York Times reports the regulations would effectively require electric vehicles to account for 54% to 60% of new car sales by 2030 and 64% to 67% in 2032 — though the Washington Post notes these numbers represented the most stringent of several options in the rule.
- The EPA official emphasized to Axios in an email that "the proposal process is not yet final."
- Major industry group the Alliance for Automotive Innovation noted in a memo published last week in anticipation of the new rules announcement that the EV market share of new vehicle sales reached almost 10% in December as demand increases.
- Ford has pledged to "achieve carbon neutrality" by 2050 "while setting interim targets to more urgently address climate change challenges."
- GM has said it plans to become "carbon neutral" by 2040 while setting a worldwide target to end sales of gasoline and diesel powered cars, pickups and SUVs by 2035.
- But environmental groups say more efforts are needed in tackling tailpipe emissions.
What they're saying: "Tailpipe emissions pollute the air we breathe and worsen severe weather," said Fred Krupp, president of advocacy nonprofit Environmental Defense Fund in a statement welcoming the expected EPA action.
- "The race to cleaner air, a safer climate and more made in America jobs — is on."
Meanwhile, the Alliance for Automotive Innovation said in its memo that a "clear-eyed assessment of market readiness" is required.
- "Regulatory mandates alone will not address the conditions … that will determine the ultimate success of the EV transition," the group added.
Go deeper: More in Axios Generate on Monday
Editor's note: This article has been updated with further context.