3. It starts on the first day of school

Illustration collage of a child raising their hand, surrounded by alphabet blocks
Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

Children of color face harsher standards for discipline and punishment from their first day in the classroom.

The big picture: "Black youth, particularly boys, are more likely to be suspended and expelled from school than their peers," says Marc Schindler, executive director of the Justice Policy Institute. "Folks have viewed that as the start of the school-to-prison pipeline."

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