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Here's a look at the topics President Trump covered in his first State of the Union speech, and how it compared to his address to Congress last year.

Expand chart
Data: Analysis of the State of the Union and Joint Session speeches. Get the data.

The big picture: The president stuck mostly to prepared remarks in a speech that came in just over 75 minutes—about 15 minutes longer than last year's speech before a joint session of Congress. He took credit for tax reform and touched on issues of immigration, infrastructure spending and foreign policy.

On immigration: The president spoke at length about the need for immigration reform and used examples of violent crime, terrorism and threats to American jobs to make his case. Last year's speech referenced crime and economic security, but not as squarely in the context of immigration.

On infrastructure: He said he wants Congress to approve $1.5 trillion in public and private sector spending. Last year's speech called for $1 trillion.

On foreign policy: He made a hardline case for strengthening the military and modernizing the country's nuclear arsenal. He announced an executive order to keep the Guantanamo Bay prison open.

On the economy: The president trumpeted the historically-low unemployment rate and praised the tax cuts passed by Congress at the end of 2017.

About the data: We looked at the prepared text of this year's State of the Union and the delivered text of last year's joint session address and categorized the subject of each sentence. You can see the underlying data for this visualization here.

Go deeper

Top general: Calls to China were "perfectly within the duties" of job

Gen. Mark Milley. Photo: Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Joint Chiefs Chairman Mark Milley told the Associated Press on Friday that calls with his Chinese counterpart during the final months of Donald Trump's presidency were "perfectly within the duties and responsibilities" of his job.

Why it matters: In his first public comments on the calls that have prompted critics to question whether the general went too far, Milley maintained that such conversations are "routine," per AP.

The consumer's massive "war chest"

Illustration: Megan Robinson/Axios

Economists expect the pace of economic growth to cool off now that government transfer payments like stimulus checks and emergency unemployment benefits are in the rearview mirror. But evidence suggests that the U.S. consumer is sitting on a lot of financial firepower that could be a key driver of growth in the quarters to come.

Why it matters: U.S. consumer spending is massive, representing about 70% of GDP.

The Fed takes on its own rules amid stock trading controversy

Photo: Al Drago/Bloomberg via Getty Images

New disclosures that showed Fed officials were active in financial markets set off a firestorm of criticism. Now the Fed may overhaul the long-standing rules that allow those transactions.

Why it matters: What officials actively traded was sensitive to the Fed decisions they helped shape, including the unprecedented support that underpinned a massive financial market boom.

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