Nov 30, 2019

Trump kicks cease-fire curveball into potential Taliban peace talks

President Trump on an unannounced Thanksgiving day visit at Bagram Air Field in Afghanistan. Photo: Olivier Douliery/AFP via Getty Images

President Trump's Thanksgiving declaration that the U.S. has relaunched peace talks with the Taliban apparently caught the Taliban by surprise, the New York Times reports.

The big picture: Trump's stated belief that the group now wants a cease-fire exceeds the terms of the Afghan peace plan that both countries were prepared to sign in September.

  • Neither the Taliban nor the Afghan government indicated on Friday that a cease-fire is currently being discussed with the U.S., per the Washington Post.
  • Trump faced significant skepticism from Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and national security adviser John Bolton about whether the peace deal draft earlier this year — which did not explicitly include an agreement for a cease-fire — was strong enough for the U.S. to sign.

Where it stands: The Afghan government set ceasefire as a precondition for further peace talks with the Taliban last month, per the Post. The Taliban told the Post that the group holds "the same stance to resume the talks" since Trump abruptly suspended the negotiations in September following a deadly bombing in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Go deeper: Taliban attacks kill at least 48 in Afghanistan after U.S. peace talks fail

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Trump says U.S. has renewed peace talks with Taliban

Trump at a surprise visit at Bagram Air Field in Afghanistan on Nov. 28, 2019. Photo: Olivier Douliery/AFP via Getty Images

President Trump says he has relaunched peace negotiations with the Taliban.

What he's saying: Trump said in a meeting with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani Thursday that he believes the Taliban wants a ceasefire, per pool reports, and he wants to reduce the number of U.S. troops in Afghanistan from 12-13,000 to 8,600.

Go deeperArrowNov 28, 2019

U.S. and Taliban restart peace talks in Qatar

Taliban leaders during peace talks with the U.S. in July in Qatar. Photo: Karim Jaafar/AFP/Getty Images

The U.S. and the Taliban reopened peace talks in Qatar on Saturday, nearly three months after President Trump abruptly called diplomatic negotiations off, Al Jazeera reports.

Why it matters: These renewed efforts are key to paving the way for direct talks between the Taliban and the government in Kabul to end a more than 18-year war, AP notes. The first goal for the U.S. is to encourage the Taliban to reduce violence, and ultimately agree to a permanent cease fire. The group has carried out numerous deadly attacks since talks fell apart earlier this year.

Go deeperArrowDec 7, 2019

Taliban releases 2 Westerners in prisoner swap

American University campus in Kabul, Afghanistan. Photo: Melanie Stetson Freeman/The Christian Science Monitor/Getty Images

The Taliban on Tuesday released an Australian and American they held for three years, as part of an exchange for three senior insurgent leaders, the New York Times reports.

Why it matters: The release of American Kevin King and Australian Timothy Weeks comes two months after peace talks between the Taliban and U.S. failed. The officials who brokered the deal hope it will restart the talks, per the Times. The Taliban has said "they will stand by the terms negotiated" with American peace envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad, the Times writes.

Go deeperArrowNov 19, 2019