🎄 Good Saturday morning, and welcome to December.
1 big thing: Last of Cold War and World War II presidents
The passing last night of President George H.W. Bush at age 94 "marks the end of a long era in presidential history — what we might call the Cold War Presidents: Truman, Ike, JFK, LBJ, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan and Bush," presidential historian Jon Meacham, author of "Destiny and Power: The American Odyssey of George Herbert Walker Bush," tells Axios:
- "The last combat veteran to hold the office, President Bush came from a truly vanished world. Born to privilege, he had the most adventurous and courageous of spirits (he considered joining the Royal Air Force after Pearl Harbor since the RAF would take 17-year-olds)."
- "The war years, the move to Texas, the long apprenticeship in national politics and governance — it was a thrilling life, and he loved every bit of it."
"To me," Meacham continued, "one of the most fascinating things about GHWB is how easily he could have turned out to be a conventional New England-born, Ivy League-educated Wall Streeter in a world circumscribed by the Council on Foreign Relations, the River Club, and commutes home to Greenwich."
- "He resisted that with all his might — and because of his insistence on a different life, he now, to borrow a phrase commonly attributed to William Seward, belongs to the ages."
- (Meacham will be the Washington National Cathedral's guest preacher tomorrow at 11:15 a.m.)
The statement from the former president's office: "George Herbert Walker Bush, World War II naval aviator, Texas oil pioneer, and 41st President of the United States of America, died on November 30, 2018."
- "He was 94 and is survived by his five children and their spouses, 17 grandchildren, eight great grandchildren, and two siblings."
- "Funeral arrangements will be announced as soon as is practical."
George W. Bush, from Dallas:
Jeb, Neil, Marvin, Doro, and I are saddened to announce that after 94 remarkable years, our dear Dad has died. George H. W. Bush was a man of the highest character and the best dad a son or daughter could ask for. The entire Bush family is deeply grateful for 41’s life and love, for the compassion of those who have cared and prayed for Dad, and for the condolences of our friends and fellow citizens.
From the office of Barack and Michelle Obama:
George H.W. Bush’s life is a testament to the notion that public service is a noble, joyous calling. And he did tremendous good along the journey. Expanding America’s promise to new immigrants and people with disabilities. Reducing the scourge of nuclear weapons and building a broad international coalition to expel a dictator from Kuwait. And when democratic revolutions bloomed across Eastern Europe, it was his steady, diplomatic hand that made possible an achievement once thought anything but — ending the Cold War without firing a shot. It's a legacy of service that may never be matched, even though he’d want all of us to try.
2. George H.W. Bush shaped history for decades
The long view: "He was president for only four years, but George H.W. Bush shaped U.S. history for decades, taking on tough jobs from Beijing to the CIA, ousting Iraqi forces from Kuwait, sealing a breakthrough budget deal that cost him an election and fathering a future president." (Reuters' David Lindsey)
The N.Y. Times' Adam Nagourney writes for history:
- "George Bush, the 41st president of the United States and the father of the 43rd, who steered the nation through a tumultuous period in world affairs but was denied a second term after support for his presidency collapsed under the weight of an economic downturn and his seeming inattention to domestic affairs, died on Friday night at his home in Houston. He was 94."
- "Bush, a Republican, was a transitional figure in the White House, where he served from 1989 to 1993, capping a career of more than 40 years in public service. A decorated Navy pilot who was shot down in the Pacific in 1944, he was the last of the World War II generation to occupy the Oval Office."
Statement from President Trump (who mocked the 41st president just five months ago: "What the hell was that, by the way: Thousand points of light?") and First Lady Melania Trump, issued after midnight ET from Buenos Aires:
Through his essential authenticity, disarming wit, and unwavering commitment to faith, family, and country, President Bush inspired generations of his fellow Americans to public service — to be, in his words, "a thousand points of light" illuminating the greatness, hope, and opportunity of America to the world. ...
With sound judgment, common sense, and unflappable leadership, President Bush guided our Nation, and the world, to a peaceful and victorious conclusion of the Cold War. As President, he set the stage for the decades of prosperity that have followed. And through all that he accomplished, he remained humble, following the quiet call to service that gave him a clear sense of direction.
3. CIA intercepts implicate crown prince
"Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman sent at least 11 messages to his closest adviser, who oversaw the team that killed journalist Jamal Khashoggi, in the hours before and after the journalist’s death in October, according to a highly classified CIA assessment," The Wall Street Journal's Warren Strobel reports (subscription).
- "The previously unreported excerpts reviewed by the Journal state that the CIA has 'medium-to-high confidence' that Prince Mohammed 'personally targeted' Khashoggi and 'probably ordered his death.' It added: 'To be clear, we lack direct reporting of the Crown Prince issuing a kill order.'"
- "The electronic messages ... were to Saud al-Qahtani [who] supervised the 15-man team that killed Mr. Khashoggi and ... was ... in direct communication with the team’s leader in Istanbul, the assessment says."
- "The content of the messages between Prince Mohammed and Mr. Qahtani isn’t known, the document says. It doesn’t say in what form the messages were sent."
Why it matters: "The CIA last month concluded that Prince Mohammed had likely ordered Mr. Khashoggi’s killing, and President Trump and leaders in Congress were briefed on intelligence gathered by the spy agency."
- "Trump afterward questioned the CIA’s conclusion about the prince, saying 'maybe he did; and maybe he didn’t.'"
A Saudi official to The Journal, after the article published online:
- "HRH the Crown Prince communicates regularly with various senior officials within the Royal Court on different matters."
- "At no time did HRH correspond with any Saudi officials in any government entity on harming Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi citizen."
- "We continue to categorically reject any accusations based on speculations."
Bonus: Pic du jour
Supreme Court's official group portrait day, in the East Conference Room of the Supreme Court building yesterday:
- Front, left to right: Justice Stephen Breyer, Justice Clarence Thomas, Chief Justice John Roberts, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Justice Samuel Alito Jr.
- Back, left to right: Justices Neil Gorsuch, Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan and Brett Kavanaugh.
4. Connecting the dots: What Mueller has found
For 563 days, news about Robert Mueller's investigation has come out in dribs and drabs — tile by tile. Once in a while, it's important to step back and see the mosaic. Here's a synthesis by AP Justice Department reporter Eric Tucker:
- "One [George Papadopoulos] lied about his knowledge of Russian-hacked emails, another [Michael Cohen] about a Russian real estate deal, a third [Michael Flynn] about dialogue over sanctions with a Russian ambassador."
- "A pattern of deception by advisers to President Trump, aimed at covering up Russia-related contacts during the 2016 campaign and transition period, has unraveled bit by bit in criminal cases brought by ... Mueller."
Why it matters: "The lies to the FBI and to Congress ... have raised new questions about Trump's connections to Russia, revealed key details about the special counsel's findings and painted a portrait of aides eager to protect the president and the administration by concealing communications they presumably recognized as problematic."
- "The false statements cut to the heart of Mueller's mission to untangle ties between the Trump campaign and Russia and to establish whether they colluded to sway the election."
- "They concern some of the central questions of the investigation, including why the incoming Trump administration discouraged Russia from retaliating over sanctions imposed for election hacking; who knew what when about illegally obtained Democratic emails; and how plans for a Trump Tower in Moscow came together and fell apart."
"More lies followed as prosecutors this week accused former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort of lying even after his guilty plea."
- "And a draft plea agreement against another Trump supporter, conspiracy theorist Jerome Corsi, accused him of misrepresenting a conversation with Trump confidant Roger Stone about WikiLeaks, which released thousands of stolen emails in the run-up to the election to harm the Clinton campaign."
What's next: "More false statement charges could be coming. Sen. Richard Burr, chairman of the Senate intelligence committee, said the panel has made referrals to prosecutors and cited Cohen as an example."
5. Word! Microsoft = #1
Microsoft's big bet on cloud computing is paying off, as the company yesterday surpassed Apple as the world's most valuable publicly traded company, AP's Matt O'Brien writes:
- "Apple had been the world's most prosperous firm since claiming the top spot from Exxon Mobil earlier this decade."
- "Microsoft surpassed Apple briefly a few times this week, but didn't close on top until Friday, with a market value of $851 billion to Apple's $847 billion."
- "Microsoft hadn't been at the top since the height of the dot-com boom in 2000."
The history: On Nov. 8, 2017, "Apple’s closing market cap reached $903 billion, surpassing what Microsoft was worth during the dot-com boom." (N.Y. Times)
- "Microsoft’s highest closing value in 1999, when translated into today’s dollars, was roughly $901 billion."
P.S. N.Y Times Quote of the Day ... Gus Hosein, executive director of Privacy International, a group that supports strong data protection laws, on the breach of personal data of up to 500 million Marriott International guests:
- "They can say all they want that they take security seriously, but they don’t if you can be hacked over a four-year period without noticing."
6. 1 duck thing: Still floating
Seven weeks (51 days) after first being spotted on Oct. 10, the now-famous Mandarin duck — nicknamed "Mandarin Patinkin" as its social-media star rose — floats on a pond in the rain in Central Park yesterday.
Backstory, from the N.Y. Times's Julia Jacobs on Oct. 31, "A Mandarin Duck Mysteriously Appears in Central Park, to Birders’ Delight":
- "The male Mandarin duck, native to East Asia, should not be in the middle of Manhattan. And yet, against all odds, he is here. And he is dazzling."
- "His head looks like a punk rocker’s multicolored mohawk. Beneath his beady black eyes, fringed orange feathers splay across his dark purple chest. His bill is colored a striking hot pink and sits under an emerald green forehead."
- "These ducks are commonly found in China and Japan — not the United States. Plus, ducks aren’t allowed to be kept as pets in the city."
- Dive in.