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Illustration: Rebecca Zisser/Axios

Marriott's disclosure of a data breach — dating back to 2014 and affecting as many as 500 million customers — puts the hotel industry under a harsh regulatory microscope and could be a test case for Europe's stringent new data laws.

The big picture: This would be the 2nd biggest breach of all time, trailing only Yahoo! in 2013, based on Marriott's initial disclosure. This is by far the biggest breach disclosure since the European laws came into effect earlier this year.

The breach was in the Starwood reservations system, which has 11 brands and roughly 1,200 properties in its portfolio, including Sheraton, St. Regis, Westin and W Hotels. Marriott bought Starwood for $13.6 billion in 2016.

  • "For approximately 327 million of these guests, the information includes some combination of name, mailing address, phone number, email address, passport number, Starwood Preferred Guest (“SPG”) account information, date of birth, gender, arrival and departure information, reservation date, and communication preferences," the company said in a statement.
  • "For some, the information also includes payment card numbers and payment card expiration dates, but the payment card numbers were encrypted using Advanced Encryption Standard encryption (AES-128)."
  • "There are two components needed to decrypt the payment card numbers..."
  • "At this point, Marriott has not been able to rule out the possibility that both were taken."

Between the lines: "The Marriott hack joins a list of breaches to hit the hospitality industry in recent years. Security analysts say the industry is a ripe target for criminal actors because of the wealth of financial and other information flowing through payment and reservation systems." [WSJ]

  • "Given the volume and sensitivity of personal data taken, and the length of the breach, Marriott 'has the potential to trigger the first hefty G.D.P.R. fine,' said Enza Iannopollo, a security analyst with Forrester Research, referring to the European data protection law enacted earlier this year." [NYT]
  • "News of the breach sparked questions among cybersecurity experts about whether the hackers were criminals collecting data for identity theft or nation-state spies collecting information on travelers worldwide, including possibly diplomats, business people or intelligence officials as they moved around the globe." [Washington Post]

What's next: "Attorneys general in Connecticut, Illinois, Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania said they would investigate the attack, as did the UK’s Information Commissioner’s Office," Reuters reported.

The bottom line: "With all of the big breaches, it's easy to get apathetic about security," Axios cybersecurity reporter Joe Uchill explains. "I no longer blink unless breaches affect more than 1 million people, which was still a huge number of accounts just a few years ago."

  • "But it's important to remember that every data breach presents danger to millions of people, and possibly to you."

Go deeper: Behind the Marriott breach's "500 million affected" tally

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Go deeper

Thousands without power as "hazardous" winter storm lashes East Coast

Winter view from Charlotte as winter storm Izzy creates dangerous conditions in Charlotte, N.C. on Jan. 16. Photo: Peter Zay/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

A major winter storm was lashing much of the East Coast on Sunday, causing widespread power outages and disrupting travel over the holiday weekend.

The big picture: Heavy snow and ice accumulations are "likely to produce hazardous travel," downed trees and more power outages from the Mid-South to the Northeast, per the National Weather Service. Some parts of the U.S. can expect to see up to a foot of snow through Monday.

Updated 3 hours ago - Science

Volcanic eruption in Tonga caused "significant" damage

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Significant damage has been reported in Tonga following an undersea volcanic eruption on Saturday, which covered the Pacific nation in ash and cut off communication lines.

Driving the news: The eruption triggered tsunami warnings across Tonga's islands and in other regions, including the West Coast of the U.S. and New Zealand.

3 hours ago - World

North Korea launches 4th suspected missile test this month

A news broadcast in Seoul, South Korea, of an apparent North Korean missile test on Monday morning local time. Photo: Jung Yeon-je/AFP via Getty Images

North Korea's military fired "two suspected short-range ballistic missiles" eastward from Pyongyang on Monday morning local time, per South Korean and Japanese officials.

Why it matters: The fourth such launch since Jan. 5 comes days after North Korea's military warned of "stronger" action if the U.S. moved to have more sanctions imposed on the country.