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Overall transmission of HIV continues to decline in the U.S., but new interactive maps and data released Wednesday reveal disparities in infection rates in the country.

"Where you live really matters when it comes to how heavily your community is impacted and your risk for infection," lead researcher Patrick Sullivan from Emory University told Axios. Sullivan and his team created the maps using federal, state and local data that show patterns of HIV transmission pinpointed to a specific area.

Expand chart

Note: Values for many counties are omitted from the data to protect privacy in places with small populations. Data: AIDSVu; Chart: Chris Canipe / Axios

Key findings:

  • While the southern U.S. only hosts 37% of the population, in 2015 these states accounted for 52% of all new HIV diagnoses and for 49% of all deaths among people with HIV.
  • The 5 cities with the highest rates of new diagnoses are all in the South: Miami, Jackson, New Orleans, Atlanta and Baton Rouge.
  • African Americans account for 45% of all new transmissions of HIV despite making up 12% of the population.
  • New diagnoses among youth aged 13 to 24 rose by 2% between 2014 and 2015.
  • Opioid abuse and intravenous drug use are expected to boost the rate of HIV infection unless preventative steps are taken.

CDC statistics: In 2015, 39,513 people were diagnosed with HIV infection in the U.S. Because HIV testing has remained stable or increased in recent years, the 18% overall decrease in diagnoses from 2008 and 2015 "suggests a true decline in new infections." However, the CDC said progress has been uneven and Sullivan said he agreed that there are disparities in the infection rates.

Go deeper

3 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Trump to issue at least 100 pardons and commutations before leaving office

Photo: Mandel Ngan/AFP via Getty Images

President Trump plans to issue at least 100 pardons and commutations on his final full day in office Tuesday, sources familiar with the matter told Axios.

Why it matters: This is a continuation of the president's controversial December spree that saw full pardons granted to more than two dozen people — including former Trump campaign chair Paul Manafort, longtime associate Roger Stone and Charles Kushner, the father of Trump's senior adviser and son-in-law, Jared Kushner.

  • The pardons set to be issued before Trump exits the White House will be a mix of criminal justice ones and pardons for people connected to the president, the sources said.
  • CNN first reported this news.

Go deeper: Convicts turn to D.C. fixers for Trump pardons

Schumer's m(aj)ority checklist

Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer. Photo: Tasos Katopodis/Getty Images

Capitalizing on the Georgia runoffs, achieving a 50-50 Senate and launching an impeachment trial are weighty to-dos for getting Joe Biden's administration up and running on Day One.

What to watch: A blend of ceremonies, hearings and legal timelines will come into play on Tuesday and Wednesday so Chuck Schumer can actually claim the Senate majority and propel the new president's agenda.

The dark new reality in Congress

National Guard troops keep watch at security fencing. Photo: Kent Nishimura/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images

This is how bad things are for elected officials and others working in a post-insurrection Congress:

  • Rep. Norma Torres (D-Calif.) said she had a panic attack while grocery shopping back home.
  • Rep. Jim McGovern (D-Mass.) said police may also have to be at his constituent meetings.
  • Rep. Adam Kinzinger (R-Ill.) told a podcaster he brought a gun to his office on Capitol Hill on Jan. 6 because he anticipated trouble with the proceedings that day.