George Washington University students. Photo: Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images

A new Institute of International Education report shows that the number of international students newly enrolled in U.S. colleges and universities fell by 1% last academic year, per AP.

Why it matters: The drop marks the third consecutive year that enrollment for international students dipped, following 7% and 3% decreases in the two previous years, which were the first downturns in more than a decade.

  • Downturns in international enrollment can disrupt universities' budgets, many of which rely on tuition from foreign students who typically pay higher tuition rates than U.S. students.

What they're saying: Caroline Casagrande, deputy assistant secretary for academic programs at the State Department’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, told AP that international students are deterred by the high tuition costs at U.S. universities.

  • Meanwhile, some universities say the Trump administration's immigration rhetoric and the U.S.-China trade war has turned international students away.

Details: Students from China continue to attend U.S. universities more than any other country, followed by students from India, South Korea and Saudi Arabia.

Yes, but: While fewer new students are enrolling, more international graduates are staying for professional training and work. In 2018, more than 220,000 graduates were granted permission to stay for temporary work through federal programs after graduation, an increase of about 10% over 2017.

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Amy Harder, author of Generate
3 hours ago - Energy & Environment

Climate change goes mainstream in presidential debate

Photo illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios. Photo: Olivier Douliery-Pool/Getty

The most notable part of Thursday’s presidential debate on climate change was the fact it was included as a topic and assumed as a fact.

The big picture: This is the first time in U.S. presidential history that climate change was a featured issue at a debate. It signals how the problem has become part of the fabric of our society. More extreme weather, like the wildfires ravaging Colorado, is pushing the topic to the front-burner.

Finally, a real debate

Photo: Morry Gash/AP

A more disciplined President Trump held back from the rowdy interruptions at tonight's debate in Nashville, while making some assertions so outlandish that Joe Biden chuckled and even closed his eyes. A Trump campaign adviser told Axios: "He finally listened." 

The result: A real debate.

Biden to Trump: "I have not taken a penny from any foreign source ever in my life"

Former VP Joe Biden pushed back Thursday against allegations from President Trump, saying he had never profited from foreign sources. "Nothing was unethical," Biden told debate moderator Kristen Welker about his son Hunter's work in Ukraine while he was vice president.

Why it matters: Earlier on Thursday, Hunter Biden's former business partner, Tony Bobulinski, released a statement saying Joe Biden's claims that he never discussed overseas business dealings with his son were "false."