Updated Sep 23, 2019

The Atlantic Basin's tropical storms and hurricanes in 2019

A pile of debris near the remains of a home destroyed by Hurricane Michael in Florida. Photo: Scott Olson/Getty Images

Hurricane Dorian became the first major hurricane of the 2019 Atlantic season when it made landfall as a Category 5 hurricane on Sept. 1 in the Bahamas. At least 43 people in the Bahamas were killed with many others left missing. This season has, so far, seen four named hurricanes.

The big picture: NOAA's Climate Prediction Center is forecasting a "near normal" season this year. It's also predicting a range of 9 to 15 named storms — 4 to 8 of which could become hurricanes.

The full list of 2019's named storms:

1. Andrea

    • Formed: May 20
    • Dissipated: May 22
    • Location: South of Bermuda
    • Highest classification: Subtropical storm
    • Maximum sustained winds: 40 mph
    • Andrea formed before the official beginning of hurricane season, making 2019 the fifth consecutive year in which a named tropical storm has formed before June 1, per the Washington Post.

2. Barry

    • Formed: July 11
    • Dissipated: July 19
    • Location: Southeast Louisiana and southwest Mississippi
    • Highest classification: Hurricane
    • Maximum sustained winds: 75 mph

3. Chantal

    • Formed: Aug. 20
    • Dissipated: Aug. 23
    • Location: 455 miles south of Newfoundland
    • Highest classification: Tropical storm
    • Maximum sustained winds: 40 mph

4. Dorian

    • Formed: Aug. 24
    • Dissipated: Sept. 8
    • Location: Southeastern U.S., Northwestern Bahamas
    • Highest classification: Category 5 hurricane
    • Maximum sustained winds: 185 mph
    • First major hurricane of the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season. Dorian is tied with a 1935 hurricane as the strongest Atlantic hurricane on record.
    • Dorian caused the most devastation in the Bahamas, killing at least 43 people and leaving many missing.

5. Erin

    • Formed: Aug. 26
    • Dissipated: Aug. 29
    • Location: Midway between Bermuda and southeast U.S.
    • Highest classification: Tropical storm
    • Maximum sustained winds: 40 mph

6. Fernand

    • Formed: Sept. 3
    • Dissipated: Sept. 4
    • Location: Northeastern coast of Mexico
    • Highest classification: Tropical storm
    • Maximum sustained winds: 50 mph
    • Fernand made landfall along the coast of northeastern Mexico on Sept. 4 around 11:15 AM CDT about 35 miles north of La Pesca with maximum sustained winds of 45 mph, per the NHC.

7. Gabrielle

    • Formed: Sept. 3
    • Dissipated: Sept. 12
    • Location: Eastern tropical Atlantic (moved northwest)
    • Highest classification: Extratropical cyclone
    • Maximum sustained winds: 65 mph

8. Humberto

    • Formed: Sept. 12
    • Location: Bahamas, Bermuda, southeastern U.S.
    • Highest classification: Category 3 hurricane
    • Maximum sustained winds: 125 mph

9. Imelda

    • Formed: Sept. 17
    • Dissipated: Sept. 19
    • Location: Texas
    • Highest classification: Tropical storm
    • Maximum sustained winds: 40 mph

10. Jerry

    • Formed: Sept. 17
    • Location: The Leeward Islands, Virgin Islands
    • Highest classification: Category 2 hurricane
    • Maximum sustained winds: 105 mph

11. Karen

    • Formed: Sept. 22
    • Location: Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands
    • Highest classification: Tropical storm
    • Maximum sustained winds: 40 mph

12. Lorenzo

13. Melissa

14. Nestor

15. Olga

16. Pablo

17. Rebekah

18. Sebastien

19. Tanya

20. Van

21. Wendy

Be smart: Names are given to tropical storms when they have sustained wind speeds higher than 39 mph. Once a storm reaches sustained winds of 74 mph or higher, it's considered a hurricane, and it maintains the same name it was given when it became a tropical storm.

Go deeper:

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What we know: Hurricane Lorenzo churning at Category 4 levels in Atlantic Ocean

Courtesy of the National Hurricane Center

Hurricane Lorenzo is churning at Category 4 levels on Sunday after falling from Category 5 status Saturday night, according to the National Hurricane Center.

The big picture: The storm is the latest in an already destructive hurricane season for the Atlantic Ocean. When Lorenzo reached Category 5 levels Saturday night, NHC said it had evolved into "one of the largest and most powerful hurricanes of record for the tropical central Atlantic." The storm this week is projected to pass over or near the Azores, a small group of islands and autonomous region of Portugal.

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Tropical Storm Karen takes aim at Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands

A woman walks next to the coast as tropical Storm Karen approaches in Naguabo, Puerto Rico, on Tuesday. Photo: Eric Rojas/AFP/Getty Images

Tropical Storm Karen triggered limited power outages, flooding and landslides to Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands as it barreled across the region early Wednesday, AP reports.

Why it matters: The islands are still recovering from the devastation caused by Hurricane Maria 2 years ago.

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2019's big storms cost the U.S. an estimated $22 billion

Hurricane Dorian as a Cat. 2 storm on Sept. 3, 2019. Photo: NOAA via Getty Images

The 14 named storms of 2019 cost the U.S. an estimated $22 billion in damages, according to commercial weather forecaster and federal contractor AccuWeather.

The big picture: AccuWeather also estimates that 2019's season cost less than the 2017 and 2018 seasons, which saw Hurricanes Maria, Harvey and Irma in 2017 and Hurricane Michael in 2018.

Go deeper: Dorian's devastation in Bahamas

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