Illustration: Rebecca Zisser/Axios

Recent controversies over free speech about the Hong Kong protests are highlighting the widening schism between the U.S. and China and creating a messy situation for tech companies with business ties to both countries.

Why it matters: Both the U.S. and China aim to make their tech industries less interdependent, but the deep ties are tough to sever, and doing so would disrupt business on both sides of the Pacific.

Driving the news:

  • Blizzard faces an intensifying backlash from employees and customers after the company banned a player and rescinded his prize money for speaking out on behalf of Hong Kong protesters. China's Tencent owns a 4.9% stake in Activision Blizzard.
  • Apple has pulled apps from its store in recent days, seemingly at the behest of or to appease Chinese and Hong Kong authorities. Apple removed the app, yanked the Quartz news app in China, and removed the Taiwanese flag from its emoji keyboard for users in Hong Kong.
  • Google, meanwhile, pulled "The Revolution of Our Times," an app that let users take on the role of Hong Kong protesters. Google said the removal wasn't prompted by a government request but came as part of its own standard review process. The app remains available in the Google Play store for Android.
  • All this follows the firestorm between China and the NBA, ignited after a Houston Rockets executive tweeted support for the Hong Kong protesters.

The big picture: The free speech issue is just the latest to fray the relationship between the U.S. and Chinese tech industries, which is already stressed by:

Our thought bubble: Doing business in and with China has always meant some level of compromise for U.S. firms. The Hong Kong protests have just crystallized these compromises into more dramatic and visible choices.

Yes, but: Many ties still bind the 2 countries' industries.

  • The U.S. depends on China to manufacture nearly all smartphones and many other consumer electronics. It's also a key market for Apple and U.S. chipmakers such as Intel and Micron.
  • China also depends on U.S.-made software to power even its domestic electronics market, and a number of Chinese tech firms also have a significant presence in U.S. and Europe.

What they're saying:

  • Apple CEO Tim Cook defended the company's moves in a memo to staff, saying that the app was used maliciously to target specific individuals.
  • Longtime Apple watcher John Gruber wrote that Cook's explanation "doesn't add up," pointing out that the app banned by Apple shows concentrations of police and not the locations of individual officers.
  • Matt Kern, who was a lead developer for Blizzard-owned "World of Warcraft," called for a boycott of Blizzard in a Twitter thread Thursday that details his own experiences as well as the influence of China on the global gaming industry.

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