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Illustration: Megan Robinson/Axios

While many tech firms have had their critics and whistleblowers, Facebook has a uniquely lengthy roster of ex-employees and former insiders who have sounded alarms over its practices.

Why it matters: These calls keep coming from people who were once inside the building. Such voices can carry more weight than outside agitators, though no one has yet found the key to kickstart large-scale Facebook reform.

Driving the news: Frances Haugen, the latest Facebook whistleblower, has been everywhere this week, from "60 Minutes" to the Wall Street Journal to a Senate hearing.

Between the lines: Haugen is only the latest critical Facebook alum in a long list that includes early employees, the former heads of WhatsApp as well as plenty of rank and file employees disturbed by the products the company has built and their impact on society.

The big picture: There have been workers across tech speaking out about working conditions and product harms, including workers at Apple, Google and Amazon. However, the roster of former employees-turned-critics at Facebook is particularly long and broad.

What they're saying: Just listen to what these former Facebook employees have to say about the company they once worked for:

  • Haugen: "Facebook can change, but it's clearly not going to do so on its own. My fear is that without action, divisive and extremist behaviors we see today are only the beginning."
  • Early Facebook investor Roger McNamee, in a new Time cover story: "Facebook will not fix itself. All incentives direct the company to stay on its current course. ... But we are now at a point where further inaction by Congress will likely result in ongoing catastrophes from which we may not recover for a generation or more."
  • Facebook co-founder Chris Hughes, in a 2019 New York Times op-ed calling for the company to be broken up: "We already have the tools we need to check the domination of Facebook. We just seem to have forgotten about them."

Yes, but: So far none of the revelations and criticisms have led to much change from the company, nor to the systems and laws that regulate it.

Former Facebook employees or insiders who have spoken critically of the company's products and business practices include:

  • Co-creator of the Facebook "like" button Justin Rosenstein, who now says social media is too addictive and a time waster.
  • Early Facebook investor Roger McNamee, who just penned this cover story for Time.
  • Former Facebook president Sean Parker, who said, at an Axios event in 2017: "God only knows what it's doing to our children's brains."
  • Facebook co-founder Chris Hughes, who said in 2019 the company should be broken up.
  • Facebook operations manager Sandy Parakilas, who wrote this op-ed in 2017, appeared on PBS' "Frontline" and went on to help establish the Center for Humane Technology before joining Apple in 2019.
  • Bryan Acton, co-founder of WhatsApp (Facebook acquired it in 2014, leaving Acton in charge until his departure in 2017), who has urged users to delete the Facebook app.
  • Former Facebook product manager Antonio García Martínez, who has described the company's culture as fascist.
  • Former Facebook data scientist Sophie Zhang, who detailed how politicians around the globe were using fake accounts and other means to manipulate public opinion.
  • Frances Haugen, a former lead product manager on Facebook's civic misinformation team, who testified before Congress on Tuesday.

Go deeper

House Democrats target algorithms in liability shield bill

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

The leader of a powerful House committee is taking aim at websites' liability shield in a new bill that would remove protections if recommended content leads to real-world harm.

The big picture: The bill is the latest attempt to tweak tech's shield after mounting frustrations from both Democrats and Republicans about Facebook, YouTube and Twitter's content moderation practices.

Capitol Police officer indicted for obstructing Jan. 6 investigation

Trump supporters clash with police and security forces as people try to storm the Capitol on Jan. 6. Photo: Brent Stirton/Getty Images

A U.S. Capitol Police officer has been indicted on obstruction of justice charges for allegedly helping hide evidence of a participant's involvement in the Jan. 6 riot.

Driving the news: Officer Michael A. Riley, 50, is accused of telling the unidentified participant, referred to as "Person 1," in the Jan. 6 riot to delete posts from Facebook, which showed them in the Capitol during the attack.

Updated 4 hours ago - World

Islamic State claims responsibility for deadly bombing in southern Afghanistan

The mosque after the explosion in southern Kandahar province on Oct. 15. Photo: Murteza Khaliqi/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for a massive blast that tore through a crowded Shiite mosque in the southern Afghan city of Kandahar on Friday, killing at least 47 people and injuring dozens more, AP reports.

Why it matters: Friday's attack was the deadliest to strike Afghanistan since the U.S. withdrew its troops from the region and is the second major attack on a Shiite mosque in a week, underscoring the Taliban's growing security threat from other militant groups.