Feb 2, 2020 - Energy & Environment

Australia fires: "Widespread devastation across the ecosystem"

Myalls, an orphaned red-necked wallaby joey, has been recovering well in WIRES' care since being treated for burns. Photo: WIRES

The bush has fallen silent on the New South Wales South Coast of Australia. Massive fires swept through over the new year and pockets remain. Firefighters are still trying to contain blazes in some places. Elsewhere, the land is smoldering.

The impact: The deadly fires have caused "widespread devastation across the ecosystem," according to Kasey Harris, a volunteer with Wildlife Information, Rescue and Education Service (WIRES), an NSW charity.

  • "It’s a really eerie experience," she told Axios on Jan. 20 from her team's temporary base outside of Batemans Bay, a popular tourist destination some 90 miles south of the nation's capital, Canberra. "You come to the Australian bush and you expect to hear birds and insects, and there is just none of that.
  • "No animal has not been impacted by these catastrophic events. ... you drive five minutes from any location and you are in an area where there is no vegetation.
All the trees are black, the ground’s black. It’s like being in another climate."
— Kasey Harris

By the numbers: Since September, the bushfires have killed 33 people. Over 1 billion animals have died in blazes, including more than 800 million in NSW, per professor Chris Dickman, of the University of Sydney's faculty of science.

Call-outs: WIRES is primarily getting calls for kangaroos and wallabies on the South Coast. Others are for possums, echidnas, reptiles, birds and insects.

  • "Everything’s been affected," Harris said. This fire season is "like nothing we’ve ever experienced before," she added.
  • More personnel have been added to cope with demand. Over three weeks in January, the group received more than 472,000 device notifications via the xMatters platform, a Silicon Valley-based provider of incident management technology. It resulted in 2,415 successful rescues.

How it works: The alerts system enables WIRES to prioritize calls and contact teams trained in rescuing specific species, so the group can identify key areas and respond to rescues quicker.

  • Phone lines are open 24/7 and volunteers generally receive alerts via a mobile app. For areas where phone reception is poor, alerts are sent over landlines or emailed to volunteers.
  • Teams prioritize animals by identifying those most in need, such as the badly burned, before addressing lesser injuries. "All reports that come through to us are addressed," Harris stressed.

The injuries: Common wounds include burnt feet, claws and tails, particularly for kangaroos. WIRES has found many animals in deteriorated states, barely able to move.

The injuries that we’re seeing have not been treated for a long period of time, there’s severe infection and swelling. It’s quite awful."

Local assistance: Harris has been humbled by the hospitality of locals who've been left with "literally nothing" from the fires.

  • "Their property is blackened and covered in ash and they still go back and report a kangaroo that’s been injured on their property," she said. "It’s incredible."

The operation: Harris and her team of four have been working with local volunteers on the South Coast since about Jan. 10.

  • "We could be here for weeks or months yet to come, we’re not sure," she said. "But as long as animals are coming out, we’re going to be helping."
  • There are some 2,5000 WIRES volunteers working across the state. They work closely with animal welfare groups in other states because "fires don't recognize borders."
In photos: WIRES' work with injured animals
Myalls after being admitted to WIRES' care, 10 days before the photo at the top of this article with his burns bandaged. Photo: WIRES
Cindy, a brushtail possum rescued from bushfires in the Blue Mountains. Photo: WIRES
An kangaroo joey found in pouch after mother was killed by a car when fleeing the fires near Picton. Photo: WIRES 
A flying-fox pup rescued from northern NSW. Photo: Jenny Beatson/WIRES
Lara, a wombat that was rescued from fires in the Blue Mountains, has her injuries assessed by a veterinarian. Photo: WIRES
Lara has been in WIRES' care for about two months and is now fully rehydrated. Hydration has been a huge problem for fire-affected animals and drinking stations have been set up in some places, per SBS. Photo: WIRES
Teddy, an orphaned Sugar Glider joey rescued from the Glenreagh, NSW, bushfires. Photo: WIRES

A dehydrated and hungry koala found in a burnt out area after the Hawkesbury bushfires. Photo: WIRES

Go deeper: More than 1 billion animals believed dead in Australian wildfires

Go deeper

In photos: Australia endures floods, dust storms and brown rain as fires rage

Workers clean a court after overnight rain on day four of the Australian Open tennis tournament in Melbourne Thursday morning local time. Photo: William West/AFP via Getty Images

Soaring temperatures in the Australian state of New South Wales of over 100°F have triggered fresh bushfires, while dust has produced brown rain in Victoria.

What's happening: Dust storms have been pummeling parts of southeast Australia for days. A massive bushfire in the Australian Capital Territory impacted flights at Canberra Airport, where hail the size of golf balls struck earlier in the week. The storms come days after floods hit southeast Queensland, which has also been impacted by the fires. Here's what's been happening, in photos.

See photosArrowUpdated Jan 23, 2020

Australia's deadly fires: What you need to know

The Australian flag flies under red skies from fires on Jan. 4 in Bruthen, Victoria. Photos: Darrian Traynor/Getty Images

The Orroral Valley fire has burned through nearly 25% of the district that's home to Australia's capital, News.com.au reports, after ACT Emergency Controller Georgeina Whelan said the fire was rapidly growing into the south east on Saturday.

The latest: The Orroral fire grew from 81,544 acres to at least 129,073 acres on Saturday, based on Whelan's initial statement, and ACT Chief Minister Andrew Barr's following estimate. Whelan said the Orroral fire is expected to move "well into" New South Wales, which creates potential for it to reach and merge with other bushfires in the area.

113 animal species need urgent help after Australia's bushfires

Humane Society specialists check an injured Koala rescued from South Australia's Kangaroo Island fires on Jan. 15. Photo: Peter Parks/AFP via Getty Images

113 animal species need an "emergency intervention" to help support their recovery after they lost at least 30% of their habitat to Australia's bushfires — and many lost substantially more than that.

Details: That's according to a report released by Australia's Environment Department, which consulted a panel of experts to identify species in need of urgent help — including the koala.