Jan 16, 2020 - Energy & Environment

The 2010s were officially the hottest decade on record

Residents defend a property from a bushfire at Hillsville near Taree, north of Sydney in Australia on Nov. 12. Photo: Peter Parks/AFP via Getty Images

It's official: Last year was the world's second hottest on record, and 2010-2019 was the hottest decade ever recorded.

Why it matters: The findings, published in two separate reports by NOAA and the British weather service the Met Office Wednesday, are in line with those of research group Berkeley Earth, revealed at the start of the year. It's yet more evidence of the long-term warming trend that stems from human-induced greenhouse gas emissions.

  • The Met Office notes in its report that the main contributor to warming over the past 170 years "is human influence on climate from increasing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere."
The world’s five warmest years have all occurred since 2015 with nine of the 10 warmest years occurring since 2005."
— NOAA statement

The big picture: NOAA notes that analysis by NASA scientists in a separate study just released concurred with its results and found the last decade was the hottest since records began in 1880.

Zoom in: In the United States, 2019 marked the hottest year for Alaska on record.

Zoom out: The average global temperature in 2019 was 1.71°F above the 20th-century average, according to NOAA. The only year to record a hotter global temperature was 2016 — just. That year was 0.07 of a degree Fahrenheit hotter than 2019.

  • "The annual global land and ocean temperature has increased at an average rate of +0.13°F per decade since 1880," NOAA said in its report. However, since 1981 the average rate of increase is more than twice that rate — plus 0.32°F.
  • "For the 21-year span that is considered a reasonable surrogate for pre-industrial conditions (1880–1900), the 2019 global land and ocean temperature was 2.07°F ... above the average," NOAA stated..

The bottom line: Per the Met Office, "The effects of human-induced climate change are not limited to surface temperature. Warming of the climate system is seen across a range of climate indicators that build a holistic picture of change outside of our expectations from natural variability across the land, atmosphere, oceans and ice."

Go deeper: 2010s to go down as hottest decade on record

Go deeper

Antarctica hits 69 degrees days after record-breaking heat

Aerial view of Glaciers from the Chilean Air Force Helicopter during flight to Brazilian Station Comandante Ferraz in December 2019. Photo: Alessandro Dahan/Getty Images

A weather station in Antarctica recorded a temperature of 69.3°F on February 9 — just days after the world's coldest continent hit a record-breaking 65°F, The Washington Post reports.

Why it matters: The United Nation's World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has yet to confirm this is the hottest recorded temperature. It's nonetheless an important finding that confirms a heatwave hit the most northern part of Antarctica, the Post writes.

NOAA emails reveal internal alarm over Trump's claims about Hurricane Dorian

President Trump gives an Oval Office briefing on the status of Hurricane Dorian, Sept. 4. Photo: Bill O'Leary/The Washington Post via Getty Images

Senior National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration officials privately slammed an unsigned NOAA statement contradicting forecasters and backing President Trump's claims that Hurricane Dorian was threatening Alabama, documents released by the agency show.

Catch up quick: The National Weather Service's Birmingham office tweeted in early September that Dorian would have no impact on Alabama, contradicting tweets by the president. A few days later, NOAA released an unsigned statement asserting that there was a 20% chance of the storm hitting Alabama.

Antarctica hits its warmest temperature in recorded history

The sun shines over China's Kunlun Station in Antarctica in 2019. Photo: Liu Shiping/Xinhua via Getty Images

Argentina's Esperanza Base on Antarctica's Trinity Peninsula reached 65°F (18.3°C) on Thursday, notching the continent's warmest temperature in recorded history, per the World Meteorological Organization.

Why it matters: Antarctica is one of the globe's fastest-warming regions with temperatures rising 5°F (2.8°C) in the past 50 years, spurring the retreat of 87% of the glaciers along the Antarctic peninsula's west coast, the Washington Post reports.