Jun 12, 2019

Most unauthorized immigrants in the U.S. are not Mexican

Expand chart
Reproduced from a Pew Research Center study; Chart: Axios Visuals

Mexicans no longer make up the majority of unauthorized immigrants in the U.S. — a significant change from the early 2000s — as more are leaving than arriving, according to a new study by the Pew Research Center.

The big picture: The immigrant population in the U.S., which has its smallest unauthorized immigrant population in more than a decade, is markedly shifting.

  • There are fewer new unauthorized immigrants now. The majority — 66% — have been in the U.S. for at least a decade. In 2000, unauthorized immigrants were more likely to have been in the U.S. for fewer than 5 years than over 10.

Between the lines: The change isn't because border enforcement has improved. Mexicans simply aren't attempting to cross the border as often as they used to. In 2000, 98% of all border patrol arrests were of Mexican nationals. Last year, Mexicans made up just 38% of border arrests, according to Customs and Border Patrol data.

  • Meanwhile, there's been a surge of migrants from Central American countries, like Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.
  • And the share of both legal and unauthorized immigrants from Asian nations has continued to grow.

Go deeper ... Chart: How immigration levels in the U.S. have changed since 1900

Go deeper

Updated 16 mins ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 3 p.m. ET: 6,325,303 — Total deaths: 377,460 — Total recoveries — 2,727,679Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 3 p.m. ET: 1,820,523 — Total deaths: 105,644 — Total recoveries: 458,231 — Total tested: 17,340,682Map.
  3. 2020: N.C. governor says GOP should plan for a "scaled-down convention."
  4. Public health: Protests against police brutality threaten coronavirus response — Controlling the virus in nursing homes won't be easy.
  5. Business: More than 1 in 6 black workers lost jobs between February and April.
  6. Media: Interest in the George Floyd protests has soared past the coronavirus.
Updated 2 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Updates: George Floyd protests nationwide

Police officers wearing riot gear push back demonstrators outside of the White House on Monday. Photo: Jose Luis Magana/AFP via Getty Images

Protests over the death of George Floyd and other police-related killings of black people continued across the U.S., inciting a federal response from President Trump, the National Guard, Immigration and Customs Enforcement and Customs and Border Protection.

The latest: Immigration agents have been deployed to assist federal, state and local law enforcement. The U.S. Secret Service closed the streets immediately on all four sides of the White House Tuesday, until "riots become peaceful, or stop."

2 hours ago - Science

NASA passes the torch

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

With the historic crewed SpaceX launch last weekend, NASA passed the torch to private companies that will need to step up to build the economy the space agency envisions in orbit.

Why it matters: This new era of spaceflight will likely be marked by new conflicts — possibly including product placement (like the Tesla that drove the astronauts to the pad on Saturday), safety concerns and cultural differences between companies, the space agencies and people they serve.