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Former President Trump during the Conservative Political Action Conference in Orlando, Florida, in February. Photo: Elijah Nouvelage/Bloomberg via Getty Images

A non-disclosure agreement signed by a 2016 Trump campaign staffer cannot be enforced because it's too vague, a federal judge ruled Tuesday.

Why it matters: The case of former Hispanic outreach director Jessica Denson, who in a separate suit in 2017 alleged she experienced discrimination and harassment on the campaign, is one of several where Trump "went after former aides that criticized him or his campaign" in order to "silence" them, the New York Times notes.

Driving the news: Denson filed a lawsuit challenging the agreement following an order to pay nearly $50,000 to the campaign after alleging in 2017 that she experienced discrimination and harassment on the team.

  • A New York State court in 2020 overturned that order and Denson then filed a suit "on behalf of herself and other Trump campaign aides" who had signed confidentiality agreements, arguing that the contracts were vague and unlawful, according to the NYT.
  • U.S. District Court Judge Paul Gardeph did not address the other cases directly. But he noted in his ruling the "vagueness and breadth of the provision" is such that a campaign aide "would have no way" of knowing what may be disclosed, and staffers aren't "free to speak about anything" concerning the campaign.

Zoom in: "The non-disclosure provision is thus much broader than what the Campaign asserts is necessary to protect its legitimate interests, and, therefore, is not reasonable," said Gardeph, who was appointed by former President George W. Bush, of Denson's New York case.

  • "It is difficult if not impossible for Denson or another campaign employee to know whether any speech might be covered by one of the broad categories of restricted information."
  • Gardeph ruled that the campaign's "past efforts to enforce the non-disclosure and non-disparagement provisions demonstrate that it is not operating in good faith to protect what it has identified as legitimate interests.
“The evidence before the Court instead demonstrates that the Campaign has repeatedly sought to enforce the non-disclosure and non-disparagement provisions to suppress speech that it finds detrimental to its interests."

For the record: Trump has used lawyers who were at times paid for by his campaign and also the Justice Department against former staffers who slammed him in public, including former White House aide Omarosa Manigault Newman and fired early Trump campaign adviser Sam Nunberg, per the Times.

What to watch: While the ruling only concerns Denson's case, her attorneys believe it "effectively nullifies all the NDAs the Trump campaign has issued," per Politico.

  • Representatives for Trump did not immediately respond to Axios' request for comment. But an unnamed Trump aide told Politico, "We believe the court reached the wrong decision and President Trump's lawyers are examining all potential appeals."

Read the ruling in full, via DocumentCloud:

Go deeper

Murkowski challenger enlists help from Trump's circle

Sen. Lisa Murkowski. Photo: Susan Walsh-Pool/Getty Images

Former Alaska commissioner Kelly Tshibaka, who announced on Monday that she will challenge Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) in next year's Republican primary, has enlisted former Trump associates onto her effort, per Politico.

Why it matters: The hirings — which include Former Trump campaign manager Bill Stepien — are a sign of the intense opposition to Murkowski from much of Trump's base. Trump has vowed to support any competitor to the Alaska senator, and pledged he will travel to the state to campaign against her.

NY court rules Trump must face "Apprentice" contestant defamation suit

Summer Zervos and her lawyer, Gloria Allred, in 2017. Photo: BARRY WILLIAMS/AFP via Getty Images

The New York State Court of Appeals on Tuesday ruled that former "Apprentice" contestant Summer Zervos' defamation lawsuit against former President Trump could proceed.

Why it matters: The case could be the first time Trump will have to answer questions in court under oath since he took office in 2017, the New York Times reports.

Biden to nominate groundbreaking first slate of federal judges

Photo: Bill O'Leary/The Washington Post via Getty Images

President Biden on Tuesday announced plans to nominate 11 judges to the federal courts, including D.C. District Court Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson to replace former D.C. Circuit Court Judge Merrick Garland, who is now U.S. attorney general.

Why it matters: The nominees include three Black women and, if confirmed, could result in the first Muslim federal judge in the country's history, the first AAPI woman to serve on the D.C. District Court, and the first woman of color as a federal judge in Maryland, according to the White House.