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Tropical Storm Fred moves north toward the Florida Panhandle on Monday. (CIRA/RAMMB)

An intensifying Tropical Storm Fred struck the Florida Panhandle Monday afternoon, making landfall at 3:15 p.m. ET, with a damaging coastal storm surge, high winds and heavy rains that could extend all the way north into the Mid-Atlantic region.

The big picture: Meanwhile, poorly organized tropical depression Grace continues to dump rain across Haiti and the Dominican Republic, complicating earthquake relief efforts in Haiti. It appears destined to enter the Gulf of Mexico.

  • The two storms are following diverging paths when it comes to their intensity, as Tropical Storm Fred has emerged reinvigorated after weakening to a tropical wave in the southern Gulf of Mexico late last week.
  • The area seeing the highest surge and strongest winds has been near and to the east of where the storm's center crossed over the Florida Panhandle, where a plethora of weather warnings are in effect, including for a three- to five-foot storm surge between Indian Pass, Florida, and the Steinhatchee River, along with high winds that could gust to hurricane force (74 mph).
  • Rainfall totals from this storm could reach a foot in some locations, according to the National Hurricane Center, though most areas will see four to eight inches.
  • Within 60 hours of Tropical Storm Fred making landfall Monday afternoon, the storm is likely to morph into a late summer rainstorm as it sweeps north-northeast toward the Mid-Atlantic states.
  • Meanwhile, tropical depression Grace is bringing heavy rainfall, with up to 15 inches possible, to earthquake-ravaged Haiti. These rains are capable of causing flooding and mudslides. The storm is forecast to slowly pull away from the country Monday night.
  • After that, the storm is forecast to skirt the south coast of Cuba, before eventually winding up in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico, where it could intensify into a hurricane before threatening southern Texas or parts of Mexico.

Context: Tropical Storm Fred is not a blockbuster storm that requires large-scale evacuations, but with an unusually active season predicted, such an event is a distinct possibility.

What's next: The U.S. government is taking no chances on storm preparedness, and is in fact viewing COVID vaccinations as a key part of its strategy to keep people safe from hurricanes.

  • FEMA administrator Deanne Criswell is slated to make her second trip to the Hurricane Center in Miami on Tuesday, where she will emphasize the importance of getting vaccinated against COVID-19 as a form of storm preparation.
  • According to a FEMA official, Criswell will also meet with Miami-Dade County Mayor Daniella Levine Cava for a discussion on hurricane preparedness there.
  • “As we enter the peak months of hurricane season, we must all practice personal preparedness and stay vigilant," Criswell told Axios in a statement.
  • "Simple steps such as creating an emergency plan, knowing your evacuation routes, obtaining flood insurance and getting a COVID-19 vaccine will keep you and your family safe and ready before disaster strikes," Criswell added.

Go deeper

Oct 6, 2021 - Science

European rainfall record set in Italy after 12-hour deluge

Flooding in the Liguria region of Italy on Monday. Photo: Liguria President Giovanni Toti/Facebook

Northwestern Italy has been hit by record rainfall from a complex of thunderstorms, triggering flooding and mudslides, per AP.

By the numbers: 29.2 inches of rain fell in 12 hours on Monday in Rossiglione, Genoa province, just south of Milan. That's a new, all-time European record, meteorologists noted Tuesday.

How Texas compares on climate disasters

Expand chart
Data: FEMA; Chart: Jared Whalen/Axios

Texas has recently fared better than neighboring Louisiana and Oklahoma when it comes to weathering climate-related disasters. But we're not immune to the many effects of human-caused climate change.

Why it matters: Some regions of the U.S. are safer from climate-fueled extreme weather events than others, but no area will go untouched, Axios' Ben German writes.

59 mins ago - World

Israel to approve new construction in West Bank settlements

Bennett (L) and Biden discussed the settlements issue. Photo: Nicholas Kamm/AFP via Getty

Israel will approve the construction of 4,400 new homes in the West Bank next week: 3,10o in the Jewish settlements and 1,300 in Palestinian villages.

Why it matters: This will be the first time Israel has approved new settlement building since President Biden assumed office, and it's the first time since 2007 that it approves a significant number of new homes for Palestinians in "Area C" of the West Bank, which is controlled by Israel.

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