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Dr. Issi Romem in conversation with Axios' Ina Fried. Photo: Chris Constantine for Axios

For The Hometown Tour's first stop of 2019, Axios Chief Technology Correspondent Ina Fried hosted a series of conversations focused on finding solutions to the Bay Area's crippling housing crisis.

Why it matters: Skyrocketing rents and housing costs have pushed much of San Francisco's population either out of the city or onto the streets, making the city more homogenous while also perpetuating rampant homelessness.

What surprised Ina "was the unanimity among the four panelists, who ranged from an economist to the leader of an affordable housing nonprofit — everyone agreed that a change in laws and mindset is needed to enable more construction of all types."

Dr. Issi Romem: Chief Economist, Trulia
Dr. Issi Romem. Photo: Chris Constantine for Axios

Dr. Romem broke down the economic forces feeding into the housing shortage and the impact it's had on the community at large

  • "[San Francisco] is giving up it's social fabric by giving up it's affordability."
  • "I think that part of the solution is giving up the sanctity of the single family home and letting places densify organically. This means we will see single family homes torn down and replaced by small multi-family homes."
Laura Foote: Executive Director, YIMBY Action
Ms. Laura Foote. Photo: Chris Constantine for Axios

Foote discussed the importance of having a wide range of housing options — across all price levels — and what tactics local officials can use to make this a reality.

  • The importance of up-zoning: "It allows more housing in more places."
  • The importance of entitlement reform: "If you're proposing something that's zoning compliant you should be able to get your permits," no matter who will be living there.
  • Foote's advice: "Email your elected officials all the time with every thought you have. Opponents to housing ... are contacting their elected officials three times a week."
David Sobel: CEO, San Francisco Housing Development Corporation
Mr. David Sobel. Photo: Chris Constantine for Axios

Sobel, whose organization has been building affordable homes since 1988, explained the dire state of San Francisco's housing crisis and what can be done to finance affordable housing.

Ina lays out the reality he illuminated:

  • The average San Francisco home price is $1.15 million, while the average rent is $4,700 per month.
  • The city has lost more than half of its African-American population, with fewer than 50,000 African-Americans now able to call San Francisco home. That's about 5% of the resident population as compared to around 12%–13% in the 1970s.
  • Perhaps most sobering of all, with the high prices of land, labor and raw materials, it now costs $650,000 to $850,000 per unit of "affordable housing."
  • That means the only way to actually build affordable housing is with significant subsidies. (Fortunately, a number of federal, state and local programs exist to help do that.)
Jon Dishotsky: Co-Founder & CEO, Starcity
Mr. Jon Dishotsky. Photo: Chris Constantine for Axios

Dishotsky discussed how his Y Combinator-backed co-living startup Starcity is helping fill the hole he saw in the housing market.

  • "I found that there was ... low-income housing and luxury high rises but there wasn't anything in between for middle class people to get back into cities." His company allows middle-income households a more reasonable way to live, with units in his building starting out at $800 a month.
  • What's next: "We envision a way for multiple families and multiple generations to live together and share the cost of child care."

Go deeper: Tackling the Bay Area's housing crisis

Thank you Wells Fargo for sponsoring this event.

Go deeper

Updated 54 mins ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

  1. Health: Ipsos poll: COVID trick-or-treat.
  2. World: Greece tightens coronavirus restrictions as Europe cases spike.
  3. Economy: Conference Board predicts economy won’t fully recover until late 2021.
  4. Education: Surge threatens to shut classrooms down again.
  5. Technology: Fully at-home rapid COVID test to move forward.
  6. Travel: CDC replaces COVID-19 cruise ban with less restrictive "conditional sailing order."

Trump's legacy is shaped by his narrow interests

Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

President Trump's policy legacy is as much defined by what he's ignored as by what he's involved himself in.

The big picture: Over the past four years, Trump has interested himself in only a slim slice of the government he leads. Outside of trade, immigration, a personal war against the "Deep State" and the hot foreign policy issue of the moment, Trump has left many of his Cabinet secretaries to work without interruption, let alone direction.

Bryan Walsh, author of Future
4 hours ago - Technology

AI and automation are creating a hybrid workforce

Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

AI and automation are receiving a boost during the coronavirus pandemic that in the short term is creating a new hybrid workforce rather than destroying jobs outright.

The big picture: While the forces of automation and AI will eliminate some jobs and create some new ones, the vast majority will remain but be dramatically changed. The challenge for employers will be ensuring workforces are ready for the effects of technology.