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Dr. Issi Romem in conversation with Axios' Ina Fried. Photo: Chris Constantine for Axios

For The Hometown Tour's first stop of 2019, Axios Chief Technology Correspondent Ina Fried hosted a series of conversations focused on finding solutions to the Bay Area's crippling housing crisis.

Why it matters: Skyrocketing rents and housing costs have pushed much of San Francisco's population either out of the city or onto the streets, making the city more homogenous while also perpetuating rampant homelessness.

What surprised Ina "was the unanimity among the four panelists, who ranged from an economist to the leader of an affordable housing nonprofit — everyone agreed that a change in laws and mindset is needed to enable more construction of all types."

Dr. Issi Romem: Chief Economist, Trulia
Dr. Issi Romem. Photo: Chris Constantine for Axios

Dr. Romem broke down the economic forces feeding into the housing shortage and the impact it's had on the community at large

  • "[San Francisco] is giving up it's social fabric by giving up it's affordability."
  • "I think that part of the solution is giving up the sanctity of the single family home and letting places densify organically. This means we will see single family homes torn down and replaced by small multi-family homes."
Laura Foote: Executive Director, YIMBY Action
Ms. Laura Foote. Photo: Chris Constantine for Axios

Foote discussed the importance of having a wide range of housing options — across all price levels — and what tactics local officials can use to make this a reality.

  • The importance of up-zoning: "It allows more housing in more places."
  • The importance of entitlement reform: "If you're proposing something that's zoning compliant you should be able to get your permits," no matter who will be living there.
  • Foote's advice: "Email your elected officials all the time with every thought you have. Opponents to housing ... are contacting their elected officials three times a week."
David Sobel: CEO, San Francisco Housing Development Corporation
Mr. David Sobel. Photo: Chris Constantine for Axios

Sobel, whose organization has been building affordable homes since 1988, explained the dire state of San Francisco's housing crisis and what can be done to finance affordable housing.

Ina lays out the reality he illuminated:

  • The average San Francisco home price is $1.15 million, while the average rent is $4,700 per month.
  • The city has lost more than half of its African-American population, with fewer than 50,000 African-Americans now able to call San Francisco home. That's about 5% of the resident population as compared to around 12%–13% in the 1970s.
  • Perhaps most sobering of all, with the high prices of land, labor and raw materials, it now costs $650,000 to $850,000 per unit of "affordable housing."
  • That means the only way to actually build affordable housing is with significant subsidies. (Fortunately, a number of federal, state and local programs exist to help do that.)
Jon Dishotsky: Co-Founder & CEO, Starcity
Mr. Jon Dishotsky. Photo: Chris Constantine for Axios

Dishotsky discussed how his Y Combinator-backed co-living startup Starcity is helping fill the hole he saw in the housing market.

  • "I found that there was ... low-income housing and luxury high rises but there wasn't anything in between for middle class people to get back into cities." His company allows middle-income households a more reasonable way to live, with units in his building starting out at $800 a month.
  • What's next: "We envision a way for multiple families and multiple generations to live together and share the cost of child care."

Go deeper: Tackling the Bay Area's housing crisis

Thank you Wells Fargo for sponsoring this event.

Go deeper

Updated 2 hours ago - Technology

From Malcolm X to "Free Britney," new media shapes the justice system

Illustration: Shoshana Gordon/Axios

True crime documentaries, podcasts and social media campaigns are bringing new attention to real-world legal proceedings — and are often affecting the outcome.

Why it matters: New media platforms can instantly put a national spotlight on cases that have long been forgotten or buried under red tape.

Updated 4 hours ago - Health

The next big bottleneck in the global vaccination effort

Illustration: Rae Cook/Axios

The world still needs more coronavirus vaccines, but an additional bottleneck has emerged in many low-income countries: They need help getting shots in arms.

Why it matters: Increasing vaccination rates across the world is both a humanitarian necessity and the best way to prevent dangerous new variants from emerging, but it increasingly requires complex problem-solving.

Updated 4 hours ago - Health

COVID-19 Omicron variant cases identified in Europe, U.K.

People wearing masks walk in London on Nov. 25. Photo: Li Ying/Xinhua via Getty Images

Health officials in the United Kingdom, Italy and Germany announced on Saturday that they've detected the first known cases of the new COVID-19 Omicron variant.

Why it matters: The discoveries come as the world scrambles to respond to concerns over the new variant, discovered in South Africa earlier this week.