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Data: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Chart: Axios Visuals

The U.S. economy added 661,000 jobs in September, while the unemployment rate fell to 7.9% from 8.4%, the government said on Friday.

Why it matters: The final jobs report before the election showed a slowdown in hiring — a sign the labor market is in for a longer road to recover from the coronavirus pandemic.

Between the lines: It's the smallest gain in payrolls since the labor market began to show signs of recovery in May.

  • Friday's number is below the 800,000 jobs economists expected.

The state of play: The leisure and hospitality sector drove the bulk of September's hiring gains. Government jobs declined by 216,000, due in part to temporary 2020 Census workers being laid off.

  • The report showed workers laid off temporarily declined by 1.5 million last month.
  • Yes, but: The number of permanent job losers edged higher again, a worrying signal that companies are laying off workers for good in the midst of the pandemic — rather than sidelining them temporarily.

What to watch: One reason the unemployment rate declined was Americans leaving the labor force.

  • The labor force participation rate —which counts both people with jobs and those who are actively looking for work — fell 0.3% from August.

The big picture: Stocks reacted little to the release of the payrolls report in early trading, as CNBC notes.

  • They fell after news that President Trump tested positive for the coronavirus.

Worth noting: This week was among the worst for the labor market in recent history, and none of these losses were factored into the jobs report, since the survey period ended in mid-September.

  • tens of thousands of workers laid off at America’s biggest businesses, including 28,000 workers at Disney theme parks.
  • Airlines are beginning to let go of 32,000 employees, in the absence of additional stimulus from Washington.

The bottom line: The labor market has clawed back roughly half of the 22 million jobs it lost when the pandemic hit. About 10.7 million Americans remain out of work since then.

  • Economists warn it will be years before the labor market fully recovers from the walloping earlier this year — if the jobs come back at all.
  • Brian Rose, an economist at UBS, told Axios he expects at least 5 million Americans will lose jobs permanently because of the pandemic.

Go deeper: The Trump jobs record

Go deeper

Dan Primack, author of Pro Rata
Jan 8, 2021 - Podcasts

America’s lethargic labor market

As the pandemic strengthens, America's labor market weakens, based on the latest monthly jobs report that showed a loss of 140,000 nonfarm payrolls.

Axios Re:Cap digs into the numbers, what they really mean and where things head next with Axios business reporters Courtenay Brown and Felix Salmon.

Updated 1 hour ago - Politics & Policy

Omicron dashboard

Illustration: Shoshana Gordon/Axios

  1. Health: CDC director says number of U.S. Omicron cases "likely to rise" — Two years of COVID-19 — Prior coronavirus infections may not protect well against Omicron.
  2. Vaccines: Data demonstrates most-vaccinated counties less vulnerable to worst of COVID — Omicron adds urgency to vaccinating world — Omicron fuels the case for COVID boosters.
  3. Politics: Nevada to impose insurance surcharge on unvaccinated state workers — New Jersey GOP lawmakers defy statehouse COVID policy — Oklahoma sues Biden administration over Pentagon vaccine mandate.
  4. World: Vaccine mandates lose steam in the U.S. while Europe doubles downWHO: Delta health measures help fight Omicron — COVID cases surge in South Africa in sign Omicron wave is coming.
  5. Variant tracker: Where different strains are spreading.

Vulnerable Democrats: Less Trump talk

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Vulnerable House Democrats are convinced they need to talk less about the man who helped them get elected: President Trump.

Why it matters: Democrats are privately concerned nationalizing the 2022 mid-terms with emotionally-charged issues — from Critical Race Theory to Donald Trump's role in the Jan. 6 insurrection — will hamstring their ability to sell the local benefits of President Biden's Build Back Better agenda.