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Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

The U.S. has taken a hands-off approach to regulating self-driving cars, hoping to help the market thrive — but that approach could ultimately backfire, if it helps sow doubt about the technology's safety.

Driving the news: The U.S. auto safety agency is investigating 28 crashes of Tesla vehicles. And with no clear rules or accountability, these incidents risk undermining public confidence in a technology that's supposed to help the U.S. keep its global competitive edge.

The big picture: "The truth is technology has been developing maybe faster than policy in this regard," Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg told Axios.

  • "We've got a lot of very detailed authorities for regulating where a mirror ought to go. They don't even contemplate a scenario where we're talking about sensors doing the work that mirrors or human beings used to."

Between the lines: Perceptions of self-driving technology are also moving faster than the technology itself, and simple hype may be contributing to the vehicles' growing record of high-profile crashes.

  • "One of the biggest things for us is just making sure that consumers understand what these technologies are for and what they're not for, at least not yet," Buttigieg said. "That's where language really matters."

Reality check: There are no truly self-driving cars available for purchase today, only cars with driver-assist technologies. And some critics say Tesla — which has an outsized influence in this market — is overselling its features in a way that might give consumers the wrong idea and lead to crashes.

  • "Autopilot" is a misnomer: the technology is a form of enhanced cruise control. Drivers still need to keep a hand on the wheel and pay attention at all times. But they often don't.
  • And Tesla's newly introduced "Full Self-Driving" technology vastly overstates its capabilities.
  • The National Transportation Safety Board last year slammed Tesla and the federal government for failing to prevent "foreseeable abuse" of Autopilot technology.

What they're saying: Democratic Senators Ed Markey (Mass.) and Richard Blumenthal (Conn.) demanded "corrective action" from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, in a letter last week.

  • "We fear safety concerns involving these vehicles are becoming a pattern, which is incredibly worrisome and deserves your undivided attention," they wrote in a letter to NHTSA Acting Administrator Steven Cliff.

What's next: Despite these high-profile incidents, the march toward self-driving vehicles is still moving quickly. Another pair of senators — Democrat Gary Peters and Republican John Thune — are hoping to speed the commercial use of automated vehicles, Reuters reported.

  • The pair is working to attach AV legislation to a bill to be taken up this week by the Senate Commerce Committee that would provide $100 billion for R&D to maintain U.S. competitiveness with China.
  • The change would allow NHTSA over three years to permit up to 80,000 self-driving cars per automaker, up from 2,500 today.

Go deeper

Jul 30, 2021 - Health

Over half of car crash fatalities in 2020 involved unbelted occupants

Photo: Joe Raedle/Getty Images

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, Americans drove less but engaged in far riskier behavior on the road, government data shows.

Driving the news: More than half of all crash fatalities last year involved unbelted drivers or occupants, the highest level since 2012, The Wall Street Journal notes.

The hard math behind America's labor shortage

Data: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Congressional Budget Office; Chart: Axios Visuals

Yes, the pandemic has created unusual temporary labor market dynamics. But in the bigger picture, the 2010s were a golden age for companies seeking cheap labor. The 2020s are not.

The big picture: In the 2010s, the massive millennial generation was entering the workforce, the massive baby bo0m generation was still hard at work, and there was a multi-year hangover from the deep recession caused by the global financial crisis.

Advocates fret Roe v. Wade's 49th anniversary could be its last

Photo: Leigh Vogel/Getty Images for Women's March Inc

As Saturday marks the 49th anniversary of Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court's landmark decision that legalized abortion access in the U.S., advocates warn the ruling is "more at risk now than ever."

The big picture: The Supreme Court in December heard a challenge to a Mississippi 15-week abortion ban that could throw Roe's survival into question, or at least narrow its scope.

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