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Peter Thiel appearing on "Fox and Friends" in 2019. Photo: John Lamparski/Getty Images

Silicon Valley was abuzz Tuesday after a Wall Street Journal report that Peter Thiel, the tech industry's most prominent Trump supporter, is also a key architect and promoter of Facebook's anything-goes political ad policy.

Why it matters: The report was seized on by Facebook critics who have argued that the ad policy, which exempts candidates' ads and speeches from the site's fact-checking policies, skews pro-Trump. It also highlighted Thiel's role as the key intermediary between Facebook headquarters and the White House.

Driving the news: As Facebook's leadership has debated internally whether to bow to public pressure over the political ad rules, Thiel —who was Facebook's first outside investor in 2004 and has sat on the company's board since 2005 — has advised CEO Mark Zuckerberg to stand fast.

  • Facebook's service became fertile ground for the spread of misinformation in 2016 that, Trump opponents have argued, helped the GOP nominee win that election.
  • Some experts now say that the political ad policy, which has allowed the Trump campaign to purchase ads that make false statements about Democratic candidate Joe Biden, will sets the social network up for a repeat performance in 2020.
  • Zuckerberg has argued that Facebook should not be in the position of regulating political speech.

The big picture: Since 2016, Thiel — a billionaire who made his first fortune at Paypal and co-founded the national-security data mining firm Palantir — has been building bridges between Trump and Facebook.

  • In a speech at the GOP convention in Cleveland in July 2016, Thiel argued that Washington was broken, Democrats were "incompetent," and the U.S. needs a "builder" like Trump to fix it.
  • Thiel served on Trump's transition team and helped organize the president-elect's first meeting with tech execs in 2016, where he sat next to Trump. COO Sheryl Sandberg represented Facebook.
  • Michael Kratsios, who previously served as chief of staff at Thiel's investment fund, joined the Trump team in 2016 and now serves as U.S. Chief Technology Officer.

In 2018, reports surfaced that Thiel had cooled on the president, and that he now viewed the Trump administration as "incompetent," too.

  • But the relationship still appears to be close enough that, when Zuckerberg testified before Congress this past October, Thiel arranged a dinner meeting for himself, the CEO and the president.

Between the lines: Thiel courts controversy and relishes contrarianism.

  • He is a conservative in an industry whose workforce leans progressive and a climate skeptic in a science-driven field.
  • Earlier this year he fired off heated and largely unsubstantiated charges that Facebook competitor Google had been "infiltrated by Chinese intelligence."
  • When the New York Times' Maureen Dowd pointed out to him in a 2017 interview that the Obama administration went eight years without ethics lapses, Thiel replied, "“But there’s a point where no corruption can be a bad thing. It can mean that things are too boring.”

The bottom line: Facebook argues that Thiel's outsize role brings needed ideological diversity to the company's councils. But for critics who believe that Facebook's political neutrality claims don't pass the sniff test, the Journal story provides fresh ammo.

Go deeper

Texas abortion law remains in effect after appeals court ruling

Pro- and anti-abortion protesters outside the Supreme Court as arguments begin about the Texas abortion law on Capitol Hill in November. Photo: Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post via Getty Images

A U.S. appeals court transferred a challenge to Texas' law banning most abortions after about six weeks of pregnancy to the state supreme court in a 2-1 vote on Monday evening.

Why it matters: The 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals' decision means the country's most restrictive abortion law can remain in place for the time being.

2 hours ago - World

At least 2 dead after Tonga volcano eruption and tsunami

A satellite image of the explosive eruption of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcano on Saturday. Photo: UNICEF/NOAA

At least two people are confirmed to have died in Tonga following the undersea volcanic eruption that sent tsunami waves toward the island nation and across the Pacific over the weekend, officials said Monday.

The big picture: Officials reported major damage along the western coast of the main island of Tongatapu, where the capital, Nuku'alofa, was covered in ash and dust, including on the runway of the airport. A New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson told Axios over the phone that two people had been confirmed to have died in the disaster.

Airlines call for Biden admin's "immediate intervention" in 5G deployment

Photo: Tayfun Coskun/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

The CEOs of leading U.S. air cargo and passenger carriers on Monday warned the Biden administration there could be "catastrophic disruption" after AT&T and Verizon deploy a new 5G service this week.

Driving the news: They said in a letter to Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg and other top federal officials ahead of the C-Band 5G service's deployment Wednesday that "the nation's commerce will grind to a halt" and "could potentially strand tens of thousands of Americans overseas."