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Today's newsletter is 910 words — a 3.5-minute read.

1 big thing: School gun incidents skyrocket in Texas

Column chart showing firearm incidents on K-12 campuses in Texas, from 1966 to 2024 (as of April 29). There have been 223 reported firearm incidents since the start of the time period. 35% of all incidents have taken place since 2020.
Data: David Riedman, K-12 School Shooting Database. Note: Firearm incident defined as when a gun is brandished with intent to shoot or fired, or when a bullet hits school property. Chart: Axios Visuals

Schools in Texas experienced a soaring number of incidents with guns in the years before and after the Uvalde school shooting, research shows.

Why it matters: Friday will mark two years since a gunman opened fire at Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, killing 19 children and two teachers.

How it works: The K-12 School Shooting Database is an open-source research project attempting to quantify gun incidents at grade schools.

  • It defines "incidents" as when a gun is fired or brandished with intent to shoot, or when a bullet hits school property.

By the numbers: From 2004 to 2013, there were 30 incidents with guns on K-12 campuses in Texas.

  • In the next decade, from 2014 to 2023, there were 96 such incidents — a more than threefold increase.

Zoom out: Nationwide, there were 1,468 firearm incidents at K-12 schools in the decade ending in 2023 — a 324% increase from the prior decade's 346 incidents.

What they're saying: Few incidents with guns on school campuses are like the Uvalde shooting.

  • "The most common circumstance for a gun to be fired is a dispute between students usually taking place in a hallway or parking lot at dismissal," David Riedman, founder of the database, said in a video interview with The Economist.

The big picture: As the legislature expands gun rights, Texas lawmakers and districts are turning to other measures to protect kids from gun violence.

  • Districts are now required to employ an armed guard at each public school campus, although many can't afford the cost.
  • Schools are also required to have a silent panic button in each classroom that connects to law enforcement.
  • And many districts have experimented with requiring see-through backpacks.

The other side: "There are thousands of laws on the books across the country that [limit firearms] that have not stopped madmen from carrying out evil acts on innocent people and peaceful communities," Gov. Greg Abbott said after the 2022 shooting in Uvalde.

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2. Inflation and food insecurity

Illustration: Tiffany Herring/Axios

Texas has passed California in the percentage of the population that is food insecure, per a new report from Feeding America.

Why it matters: Food insecurity has been rising nationwide and in Texas since the Great Recession, but about half of the people who struggle to pay for enough meals don't qualify for federal assistance like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.

The big picture: The state's food insecurity rate rose to 16.4% in 2022, up from 13.7% in 2021. That means one in six Texans face hunger.

  • About 1.7 million children — or 22.8% of kids — face hunger in Texas.

State of play: There are stark gaps depending on race and ethnicity.

  • The food insecurity rate is 28% for Black people in Bexar County and 24% for Latinos.
  • It's 11% for white, non-Hispanic people.

More than 23% of children in Bexar County are food insecure.

Zoom in: Bexar County's overall rate of food insecurity is 17.4% — that's 351,000 people.

  • In neighboring Comal County, the rate is 13.8%, or nearly 23,000 people experiencing food insecurity.

Stunning stat: Nationally, food insecure individuals reported spending $3.99 per meal or $363.09 per month in 2022.

  • Even adjusting for inflation, that's a 3% increase from the previous year.

The bottom line: Rising food prices and increasing cost of living have made it harder for people to afford food.

Go deeper: See how other Texas counties fare

3. Inside the Loop

Illustration: Allie Carl/Axios

🐘 Former President Donald Trump said he would consider tapping Ken Paxton for U.S. attorney general if he wins a second term in the White House. (Texas Tribune)

💰 Toyota is planning an expansion worth more than $500 million at its South Side manufacturing plant that could bring more than 400 new jobs. (SA Report)

🛠️ Longtime restaurant Mina & Dimi's Greek House is renovating a new space, still near Lackland Air Force Base. (MySA)

🦪 Native mussels are being returned to the San Antonio River for the first time in decades in a bid to improve water quality along the Mission Reach. (Express-News 🔒)

4. Latino memories in art

"El Papalote" (left) and "El Trompo" (right) sit at West Commerce and North Frio. Photos: Madalyn Mendoza/Axios

Two new works, "El Papalote" and "El Trompo," are joining San Antonio's public art canvas.

The latest: Legendary San Antonio artist Joe R. Villarreal — known for pieces like "Las Mañanitas de Mi Madre" and "La Familia" — recently completed the metal sculptures of a homemade kite and a top.

State of play: They sit at the intersection of West Commerce and North Frio streets near Golden Star Cafe. The art is emblematic of growing up on the West Side as well as broader San Antonio history.

  • The kite is made from La Prensa, the first and oldest bilingual publication in Texas, which was established in San Antonio in 1913.
  • Across the street, the string from the toy is coiled around the top of the trompo as if it's just been spun in a game.

What's next: The city is planning a dedication ceremony for the art on June 25.

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5. 🐶 1 pet-friendly chart to go

A table showing the percentage of pet-friendly rentals in the largest U.S. cities in 2023. Dallas tops the list with 79%.
Data: Zillow/BARK; Chart: Axios Visuals

San Antonio is the No. 3 city for pet-friendly rentals in a new Zillow report.

By the numbers: Three out of every four rentals in the Alamo City are open to pets, per the report.

  • Zillow analyzed the 25 largest U.S. cities by population size.
  • Texas leads the pack (pun intended). We were topped only by Dallas (No. 1) and Austin (No. 2).

Zoom in: The most prominent breeds here are labradors and German shepherds, Zillow says.

  • Our top pet names are Athena and Bailey.

The bottom line: We love our furry friends.

Thanks to our editors Chloe Gonzales and Bob Gee and copy editors Caitlin Wolper and Anjelica Tan.

😭 Madalyn is still very sad that she forgot her to-go box at Mezquite on Sunday.

📺 Megan is eagerly awaiting part two of the newest season of "Bridgerton."