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Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Major health industry groups, governors and state Medicaid directors have all raised significant concerns with a Trump administration proposal that would change the rules and oversight of some forms of state Medicaid financing.

Why it matters: Billions of dollars are on the line for both states and providers, which they say in turn threatens the health care of some of America's most vulnerable people.

The big picture: The proposal from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, called the Medicaid Fiscal Accountability Regulation, or MFAR, would be mandatory for states.

  • CMS says the proposal, which was announced in November, would strengthen Medicaid program integrity as its costs continue to rise.
  • “We have seen a proliferation of payment arrangements that mask or circumvent the rules where shady recycling schemes drive up taxpayer costs and pervert the system,” CMS administrator Seema Verma said in a statement when the proposal was announced. “Today’s rule proposal will shine a light on these practices."

The other side: Provider groups say the new rules would threaten the money doctors and hospitals rely on to serve Medicaid patients.

  • The American Hospital Association wrote in a comment letter to CMS that MFAR could reduce Medicaid spending by 5.8%–7.6%.
  • Medicaid payments to hospitals could be reduced by $23 billion–$31 billion a year, or by 12.8%–16.9%, per the AHA.
  • The American Medical Association struck a similar tone, saying the rule "could result in the loss of funding for our nation’s most vulnerable patients."

The National Governors Association, similarly, said the rule "will result in decreased access to care for many vulnerable Americans."

  • The National Association of State Medicaid Directors warned that the rule would have unintended consequences, like the destabilization of state budget cycles and "an environment of uncertainty for states."

Between the lines: The rule is deeply technical and wonky, but for some states, it could end up being a much bigger deal than the administration's Medicaid block grant and work requirement proposals simply because it's not optional.

  • That's true in both red and blue states.
  • "The proposed rule would collapse Texas’ already fragile rural health care infrastructure," the Texas Hospital Association wrote in its comment letter.

Go deeper

Trump grants flurry of last-minute pardons

Photo: Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post via Getty

President Trump issued 73 pardons and commuted the sentences of 70 individuals early Wednesday, 11 hours from leaving office.

Why it matters: It's a last-minute gift to some of the president's loyalists and an evident use of executive power with only hours left of his presidency. Axios reported in December that Trump planned to grant pardons to "every person who ever talked to me."

2 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Trump revokes ethics order barring former aides from lobbying

Photo: Spencer Platt via Getty

Shortly after pardoning members of Congress and lobbyists convicted on corruption charges, President Trump revoked an executive order barring former officials from lobbying for five years after leaving his administration.

Why it matters: The order, which was signed eight days after he took office, was an attempt to fulfill his campaign promise to "drain the swamp."

  • But with less than 12 hours left in office, Trump has now removed those limitations on his own aides.

Trump pardons former GOP fundraiser Elliott Broidy

President Trump has pardoned Elliott Broidy, a former top Republican fundraiser who pleaded guilty late last year to conspiring to violate foreign lobbying laws as part of a campaign to sway the administration on behalf of Chinese and Malaysian interests.

Why it matters: Broidy was a deputy finance chair for the Republican National Committee early in Trump’s presidency, and attempted to leverage his influence in the Trump administration on behalf of his clients. The president's decision to pardon Broidy represents one last favor for a prominent political ally.