Dec 5, 2019

Over 140,000, mostly children, died from measles in 2018

A medical assistant gives an MMR vaccine to an infant at the Medical Arts Pediatric Med Group in Los Angeles, 2015. Photo: Mel Melcon/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images

142,300 people — mostly children under 5 years old — died from measles in 2018, the World Health Organization said on Thursday.

The big picture: Cases of the vaccine-preventable infection continue to spike around the world. Ukraine, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Madagascar, Liberia and Somalia had the highest incidence rates of the infection in 2018.

By the numbers: In 2019 so far...

  • 5,110 measles-related deaths have been reported in the DRC in 250,270 suspected cases as of Nov. 17 — an increase of more than 8,000 cases compared to the previous week. The DRC has also been battling outbreaks of Ebola and malaria.
  • Madagascar and Nigeria are two countries with ongoing outbreaks, with new cases reported weekly, WHO stated on Nov. 27. Ukraine has reported 56,802 cases of measles this year through Nov. 5.
  • The Samoa Ministry of Health confirmed a total of 2,437 cases and 32 associated deaths as of Nov. 26. The WHO said on Nov. 27 that 243 of those new cases had been reported within 24 hours.
  • The U.S. measles outbreak this year broke a 27-year record, reaching a total of 1,276 cases in 31 states as of Dec. 5, per the CDC. There have been no reported fatalities in the U.S., and cases have dropped since spiking in April. But it only takes one unvaccinated group for the extremely contagious virus to establish a new foothold, Axios' Eileen Drage O'Reilly reports.

Where it stands: Roughly 16,000 more deaths related to measles occurred globally in 2018 than in 2017. 124,000 estimated measles-related deaths were reported in 2017, according to WHO.

  • The CDC recommends getting the MMR vaccine to protect against measles, mumps and rubella. Children should receive two doses of the vaccine — first at 12–15 months of age, then again at 4–6 years of age.
  • To achieve a herd immunity threshold for measles, WHO recommends a community vaccination rate of 93%–95%.

Go deeper ... WHO: Measles outbreaks spike globally

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WHO: Measles outbreaks spike globally

MMR vaccination. Priorix immunises against measles, mumps and rubella. Photo: BSIP/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

Cases of measles around the world continue to spike, with major outbreaks in Africa, Europe, Latin America and the Middle East, the World Health Organization said in a health update on Wednesday.

By the numbers: The infectious disease can be prevented with two doses of measles-containing vaccine. There have been 440,263 confirmed cases reported to the United Nations health agency as of Nov. 5. In 2018, there were about 350,000 cases.

Go deeperArrowNov 27, 2019

Ebola responders on lockdown in Congo due to rebel assaults

A girl is getting inoculated with an Ebola vaccine, Nov. 22, Goma. Photo: Pamela Tulizo/AFP via Getty Images

Ebola responders in Congo are on lockdown, unable to contain the spread of the infectious disease, after residents attacked a United Nations base in the eastern city of Beni, AP reports.

Why it matters: The most recent attack left 12 killed on Wednesday, local officials told AP. The latest uptick in violence against Ebola health care workers threatens encouraging signs that the end of the outbreak could be near. Health care workers need safe access to those who were in contact with any Ebola patient.

Go deeperArrowUpdated Nov 27, 2019

68 reported dead from vaping-related lung illness

Photo: Richard Baker / In Pictures via Getty Images

68 people have died from a lung injury associated with e-cigarette use in 29 states and the District of Columbia, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports as of Feb. 18.

What's new: Because of the consistent declines in new EVALI cases since Sept. 2019, as well as the identification of vitamin E acetate as a primary cause of EVALI, Tuesday's report will be the final CDC update on the number of hospitalized EVALI cases and deaths nationally.

Go deeperArrowUpdated Feb 25, 2020 - Health