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Photo: "Axios on HBO"

White House economic adviser Larry Kudlow says he believes the wealth gap between black and white people has narrowed, and questioned statistics that show the gap now is as wide as it was in the 1960s.

Why it matters: In an interview with "Axios on HBO," President Trump's top economic adviser told Axios' Jonathan Swan that different measures of wealth suggest there has been progress — meaning the advice Trump is getting is out of sync with the conclusion of recent studies.

  • "I will not deny there's a significant wealth gap. I will deny that is not closing. I believe it is," Kudlow said.
  • Kudlow also acknowledged he was surprised "to some extent" by the inequities revealed by the coronavirus — including that African-Americans were dying of the coronavirus at twice the rate of white Americans, and that black-owned small businesses have been shuttering at twice the rate of white-owned small businesses.

Between the lines: One of the most influential recent studies, a 2018 paper published by the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, found that the median black household had only about 12% of the wealth of the median white household in 2016, the most recent data available.

  • The study found that the wealth gap narrowed in the 1990s and early 2000s, but then widened again after the 2008 financial crisis — when wealth plummeted for black households but stayed about the same for white households.
  • The study concluded that "virtually no progress has been made over the past 70 years in reducing the wealth inequality between black and white households."

Kudlow questioned the methodology of the studies, arguing that "you're going to see a much bigger narrowing of that spread" once tax reductions are counted because "we've had a lot of tax cuts." He also argued that "household net worth has soared."

  • The Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis paper acknowledged that "housing booms lead to substantial wealth gains for leveraged middle-class households and tend to decrease wealth inequality" — but added that the wealth gap widened when the housing boom of the 1990s and early 2000s ended.

After the interview, Kudlow sent Axios statistics that focused on the years since 2016, since that was the end point of the main study that found a persistent wealth gap.

  • The statistics from the Council of Economic Advisers suggested that real wealth for the bottom half of households — in which African Americans are overrepresented — grew 48% in the first three years of the Trump administration.
  • That's two and a half times the growth rate for real wealth for the top 1 percent of households — which grew 19% during the same period — and faster than real wealth for the bottom 50% of households grew during the Obama administration, per the CEA.
  • Our thought bubble, from Axios' Felix Salmon: Even using those statistics, the wealthy still advanced more — because they were growing from a higher base of wealth. The increase in the wealth of the top 1% was 15 times greater than the increase in the wealth of the bottom 50%.

In the interview, Kudlow also argued that opportunity zones — an initiative in the 2017 tax law that's supposed to attract investors to low-income neighborhoods — will make a difference.

  • "I think these opportunity zones, which have not been fully tried, are going to have a big impact. You got to give me five or 10 years for them to really play out."

Go deeper

Fortune 100 companies commit $3.3 billion to fight racism and inequality

Data: Fortune 500, Axios analysis of company statements, get the data; Chart: Andrew Witherspoon, Naema Ahmed/Axios

Big businesses continue to push funding toward fighting inequality and racism, with the 100 largest U.S. companies' monetary commitments rising to $3.33 billion since the death of George Floyd at the hands of Minneapolis police earlier this year, according to an Axios analysis.

Why it matters: The continued pace of funding commitments shows that months after Floyd's death there remains pressure for the wealthiest corporations to put their money behind social issues and efforts.

Sep 29, 2020 - Economy & Business

Bloomberg Media launches personal finance site Wealth

Photo: Bloomberg

Bloomberg Media is expanding its portfolio to provide more general business and lifestyle content to readers, instead of just straightforward markets and business news, executives tell Axios.

Driving the news: On Thursday, the company will launch Bloomberg Wealth, a new editorial vertical to help readers and viewers make smarter decisions about their personal finances, including divorce and moving.

Federal court blocks Biden's vaccine mandate for health workers in 10 states

President Biden delivers remarks on the Omicron COVID-19 variant following a meeting with his COVID-19 response team. Photo: Anna Moneymaker via Getty Images

A federal court in Missouri has blocked the Biden administration from enforcing a coronavirus vaccine mandate for health care workers at federally-funded facilities in 10 states.

Why it matters: Monday's decision is the first victory for opponents of the rule, which requires health care workers to get vaccinated by Jan. 4, 2022. The case is one of four lawsuits challenging the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' (CMS) rule and argues that the mandate will exacerbate staffing shortages.