Then-Senator Joe Biden (D-Del.) in 1974 (L) and Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.) when she was a schoolgirl (R). Photo: CBS Photo Archive/Getty Images/Sen. Kamala Harris' Twitter

Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.) dragged former Vice President Joe Biden’s record on civil rights into the bright lights of Thursday's debate stage, as she confronted him about his voting record on busing to integrate schools.

Driving the news: Harris spoke from personal experience: She was in the second class to integrate schools in Berkeley, Calif. Almost 10 days earlier, other Democratic rivals for the White House criticized Biden for describing his relationship with segregationists in the Senate, who had helped him pass an anti-busing amendment.

Flashback: The Supreme Court ruled in 1954 school segregation was unconstitutional, but two decades passed before changes began. The Supreme Court upheld the use of busing to integrate schools in 1971, but many Americans fought the change, including Biden.


  • In 1974 Biden opposed a measure that would have blocked busing, Politico reports.
  • But later that year, Biden said: "I have become convinced that busing is a bankrupt concept," according to PolitiFact.
  • He introduced an amendment to an appropriations bill that blocked federal funds to bus students or “assign students or teachers by race” to a school. It passed in 1975.
  • Biden thanked well-known segregationist Sen. James O. Eastland (D-Miss.) for Eastland's support in passing the Biden Amendment.

Go deeper: Kamala Harris' night: Schools Biden on busing

Go deeper

AOC: "Extremely important" that Biden offer Bernie Sanders a Cabinet position

Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) said on CNN's "State of the Union" Sunday that she believes it's "extremely important" that Joe Biden offer Sen. Bernie Sanders and other progressive leaders Cabinet positions if he's elected president.

The big picture: Ocasio-Cortez was pressed repeatedly on policy differences between her and the more moderate Biden, including her opposition to fracking and support for Medicare for All. She responded that it would be a "privilege" and a "luxury" to be able to lobby a Biden administration on progressive issues, insisting that the focus right now should be on winning the White House.

49 mins ago - Health

Mark Meadows: "We are not going to control the pandemic"

White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows defended Vice President Pence's decision to continue traveling and campaigning despite his exposure to aides who have tested positive for COVID-19, saying Sunday that Pence is exempt from CDC guidelines because he is "essential personnel."

Why it matters: CDC guidelines call for people who have been exposed to the virus to quarantine for 14 days. Meadows said on CNN's "State of the Union" that Pence will wear a mask when he travels and argued that "he's not just campaigning," pointing to the Israel-Sudan normalization agreement announced by the White House last week.

Halloween and COVID-19: What you need to know

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

Celebrating Halloween and Día de los Muertos will be difficult and more isolated this year, but can still be done while minimizing harm to others.

Why it matters: Traditional door-to-door trick-or-treating, indoor parties, haunted houses, crowded cemeteries and communal candy bowls are all considered high-risk activities by the CDC.