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Photo: Paul Ratje / AFP via Getty Images

Several hundred National Guard troops are headed to the border in cooperation with requests from President Trump and Defense Secretary Jim Mattis.

Why it matters: The Trump administration has authorized up to 4,000 troops to deploy to the border, but the National Guard's role on the border is limited by law.

Who's in?

So far, only border states have been asked to send troops, but even non-border states have come out with their support or opposition to deploying their National Guard to the border:

  • Republican governors who've said yes: Greg Abbott of Texas, Doug Ducey of Arizona, Susana Martinez of New Mexico, Kim Reynolds of Iowa, Doug Burgum of North Dakota, Asa Hutchison of Arkansas and Kay Ivey of Alabama.
  • Republican governors who've said no: Brian Sandoval of Nevada.
  • Democratic governors who've said no: Kate Brown of Oregon, Steve Bullock of Montana.
  • Undecided:
    • Democratic California Gov. Jerry Brown has talked with DHS Secretary Kijrsten Nielson, but has not publicly commented on the issue.
    • Democratic Minnesota Gov. Mark Dayton has looked into the possibility, but Minnesota has not been asked to send troops yet.
    • Democratic Colorado Gov. John Hickenlooper has not commented as the Colorado National Guard has not been asked to deploy.
    • Republican Florida Gov. Rick Scott has not commented as the Florida National Guard has not been asked to deploy.
By the numbers:
  • 250 Texas National Guard have been deployed, and Arizona has announced they will be sending 150 this week. More will likely follow.
  • Throwback: President Obama authorized 1,200 National Guard troops to go to the border in 2010, and President George W. Bush authorized 6,000 in 2006.
  • Cost: Obama's mission cost $110 million for the first year, according to the Government Accountability Office, and Bush's cost $1.2 billion.
How it works
  • What they can't do: The troops are not allowed to arrest, detain or even interact with immigrants attempting to cross the border, unless given special permission by Mattis. The memo said the troops will only be armed in situations where they may need it for self defense.
  • What they can do: Help border patrol in supportive roles such as vehicle maintenance, intelligence collecting, aerial support and building border barriers. The idea is that by the National Guard helping in these ways, border patrol officers will be more free to focus on arresting and detaining immigrants crossing the border illegally.
  • Authority: In this instance, governors have the ultimate authority over their state's National Guard troops, not the President. If a governor says no — such as in Nevada and Oregon — the National Guard won't deploy to the border.
  • Funding: There's funding from the Defense Department for up to 4,000 troops.
  • Timing: Mattis only authorized the use of the National Guard at the border through September 30 — around the same time that Congress's spending bill will expire, and fights over whether to fund a border wall will resume.

Go deeper

Ben Geman, author of Generate
48 mins ago - Politics & Policy

Energy and climate move closer to center stage on Capitol Hill

Illustration: Rebecca Zisser/Axios

The imminent enactment of Democrats' $1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief package creates space for lawmakers and the White House to craft infrastructure plans with big climate and energy-related provisions.

Why it matters: President Biden, during the campaign, vowed to make low-carbon energy, climate-resilient infrastructure and transportation projects a big focus of an economic recovery package. And the Texas power crisis could give fresh momentum to investments in grid modernization.

Dion Rabouin, author of Markets
2 hours ago - Economy & Business

The European Central Bank and the market's moment of truth

ECB president Christine Lagarde; Photo: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

The biggest event for markets this week will be Thursday's meeting of the European Central Bank's governing council and the press conference following it from ECB president Christine Lagarde.

Why it matters: With interest rates jumping around the globe, investors are looking to central bank heads to see if they will follow the lead of Fed chair Jerome Powell, who says rising rates are nothing to worry about, or Bank of Japan governor Haruhiko Kuroda, who has drawn a line in the sand on rates.

Mike Allen, author of AM
3 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Manchin's next power play

Photo: "Axios on HBO"

Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.), America's ultimate swing voter, told me on "Axios on HBO" that he'll insist Republicans have more of a voice on President Biden's next big package than they did on the COVID stimulus.

The big picture: Manchin said he'll push for tax hikes to pay for Biden's upcoming infrastructure and climate proposal, and will use his Energy Committee chairmanship to force the GOP to confront climate reality.

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