Protesters attempt to put off a tear gas canister during a clash with police in Wong Tai Sin district. Photo: Anthony Kwan/Getty Images

Hong Kong police said Monday a 12-year-old was among 36 people arrested after anti-government demonstrations erupted into street clashes with authorities, who used a water cannon, tear gas and fired a waring shot into the sky, Reuters reports.

Why it matters: What began 12 weeks ago as a rally against a bill proposing to extradite Hong Kongers to mainland China has become a massive anti-government demonstration, as protesters rally to defend the high degree of autonomy they've had since the former British colony was returned to China in 1997.

What's new: Following a relatively peaceful 2 weeks, the weekend was marked by violent clashes between police and protesters as thousands rallied in spite of warnings from authorities.

  • Sunday's clashes were the fieriest yet, with protesters throwing bricks and petrol bombs at security forces, according to Reuters. The warning shot police fired was the first time a gun has been used during the protests.
  • At one point, officers had pointed their guns at protesters and reporters, according to a video posted by South China Morning Post's Jeffie Lam. A shot was fired into the sky.
  • The water cannon had not been fired during anti-government protests for years, but police unleashed it briefly on Sunday to force protesters to disperse, per Reuters.

The big picture: Last weekend, about 1.7 million people peacefully marched in the center of the city. Hong Kong’s top leader Carrie Lam then said she would begin working with the community to find a resolution to the crisis in the former British colony.

  • On Friday night, thousands of Hong Kongers formed a human chain, calling for peace and democracy, per AP reports. They responded to police firing tear gas by lobbing bottles, bricks, stones and gas bombs, per the New York Times.
  • Protesters used bamboo rods to barricade a police station, while some confronted officers directly, per the NYT. A small firebomb exploded, and protesters pulled down lampposts they claim are used for surveillance.

Go deeper: Hong Kong protests assert the freedoms China seeks to constrain

Editor's note: This article has been updated with the latest information on this weekend's protests.

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Trump signs in Olyphant, Penn. Photo: Eric Baradat/AFP via Getty Images

Pennsylvania's Supreme Court ordered state officials last week to throw out mail-in ballots submitted without a required inner "secrecy" envelope in November's election, the Philadelphia Inquirer reports.

The state of play: The decision went under the radar alongside the simultaneous decision to extend the time that mail-in ballots could be counted, but Philadelphia's top elections official warned state legislators this week that throwing out so-called "naked ballots" could bring "electoral chaos" to the state and cause "tens of thousands of votes" to be thrown out — potentially tipping the presidential election.

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Moderator Chris Wallace. Photo: Drew Angerer/Getty Images

Fox News anchor Chris Wallace has selected what topics he'll cover while moderating the first presidential debate between President Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden next week.

What to watch: Topics for the Sept. 29 debate will include Trump and Biden's records, the Supreme Court, COVID-19, economic policy, racism and the integrity of the election, the Commission for Presidential Debates announced on Tuesday. Each topic will receive 15 minutes of conversation and will be presented in no particular order.

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Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell told the House Financial Services Committee on Tuesday that the expiration of Congress' coronavirus stimulus will weigh on the U.S. economy.

Why it matters: Powell warned that the effects of dried-up benefits are a looming risk to the economy, even if the consequences aren't yet visible.

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