Oct 18, 2019

GM labor deal could mean higher costs for all

UAW picket signs outside a GM plant in Detroit. Photo: Jeff Kowalsky/AFP via Getty Images

A tentative 4-year labor contract with the United Auto Workers lets GM shutter underutilized factories as it wanted, but could also lock in higher labor costs across the domestic auto industry.

Why it matters: Detroit typically follows "pattern" bargaining — the economic terms struck at one company are generally matched by other UAW-represented automakers, setting a uniform standard of living for all unionized auto workers.

  • But the terms laid out Thursday would do little to lower labor costs ahead of what automakers anticipate will be a disruptive and expensive decade of change, writes the Detroit News.

What's happening: Factory workers at GM will receive big bonuses and keep their lucrative health benefits under the proposed contract, which is subject to ratification by 49,000 striking workers. They'll continue to walk the picket lines until the vote is completed a week from today.

  • "I'm sure neither Ford nor Chrysler is going to be thrilled with the economics of this deal," GM's former director of labor relations, Arthur Schwartz, now a consultant, told the News.
  • The record-setting $11,000 signing bonus GM is offering UAW members, along with the lack of changes to current health care benefits, will be costly to Ford, which has more hourly UAW workers than GM.
  • Changes to pay for workers hired after 2007 and temporary workers that were hot-button issues during the GM contract talks could be expensive to FCA, which has a younger workforce.

Yes, but: The concept of pattern bargaining has weakened in recent years, and it will be up to negotiators on both sides of the table at Ford and FCA to hammer out their own deals in the coming weeks.

Go deeper: Health benefits won't change for GM workers

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Detroit's gamble on the future

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

The deal between one of Detroit's biggest automakers and striking workers is a calculated bet on a vision for the auto industry that's far from certain.

The big picture: GM can afford the rich contract terms negotiated with the United Auto Workers — as long as nothing goes wrong. Higher gas prices, an economic downturn or a new president with different priorities could throw off the entire equation and put GM and other domestic automakers in a financial bind.

Go deeperArrowOct 25, 2019

Health benefits won't change for GM workers

UAW workers have demanded health care costs stay the same. Photo: Jeff Kowalsky/AFP via Getty Images

The tentative deal between General Motors and the United Auto Workers includes an agreement to keep the same health care plans "with no additional costs to members," according to a summary of the deal.

Why it matters: Most employer health plans are getting more expensive and less comprehensive. The UAW is ensuring GM's benefits stay comprehensive for workers — a move that competing automakers Ford and Fiat Chrysler likely will adopt in their negotiations — but the coverage itself remains pricey and chips away at funds that could go toward wages.

Go deeperArrowOct 18, 2019

Ford and UAW reach fast deal with no strike

Photo: Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

United Auto Workers union leaders said Wednesday evening that they had reached a proposed tentative agreement with Ford — just five days after autoworkers ended the longest nationwide strike against General Motors in half a century.

Why it matters: Negotiations had been ongoing at Ford even during the GM strike, so when that work stoppage ended, the deal at Ford came swiftly without any labor disruption. UAW leaders indicated the contract terms are similar to those reached at GM.

Go deeperArrowOct 31, 2019