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Protesters hold up signs protesting Trump's sanctuary cities order outside a California courthouse. Photo: Haven Daley / AP

A federal judge from California issued a permanent block to President Trump's sanctuary cities executive order, which deny funding to cities that refuse to cooperate with federal efforts to identify and deport undocumented immigrants, per CNN.

Why it matters: The judge's ruling is the latest in a string of backlash from the judicial branch in response to the Trump administration's policies. Other federal judges have also reined in the executive branch by questioning the constitutionality of Trump's travel ban.

More details on the sanctuary cities ruling:

  • District Judge William Orrick argued, in lawsuits brought forth from San Francisco and Santa Clara, that Trump's order violated the constitution's separation powers doctrine as well as the Fifth and Tenth amendments.
  • Orrick initially issued a temporary block of the order last spring, and Trump immediately lashed out on Twitter in response. "See you in the Supreme Court!" he wrote.

Reaction to the ruling:

  • San Francisco city attorney Dennis Herrera said in a statement: "This executive order was unconstitutional before the ink on it was even dry ... We live in a democracy. No one is above the law, including the president."
  • Department of Justice spokesman Devin O'Malley: "The District Court exceeded its authority today ... The Justice Department will vindicate the President's lawful authority to direct the executive branch."

Get smart: Chicago, New York, Los Angeles and San Francisco have also refused to comply with the sanctuary cities order.

Go deeper

Biden to nominate Janet Yellen as Treasury secretary

Photo: Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images

President-elect Joe Biden is preparing to nominate former Fed Chair Janet Yellen as his Treasury Secretary, four people familiar with the matter tell Axios.

Why it matters: Yellen, 74, will bring instant economic celebrity to Biden’s team and, if confirmed, she will not only be the first female Treasury Secretary but also the first person to have the held all three economic power positions in the federal government: The chair of Council of Economic Advisers, the chair of Federal Reserve and the Treasury Secretary.

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Bob Nelsen on AstraZeneca and his plan to revolutionize biotech

AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford on Monday reported promising efficacy data for their COVID-19 vaccine, which has less stringent storage requirements than the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines and may be distributed earlier in developing countries.

Axios Re:Cap digs into the state of vaccine and therapeutics manufacturing with Bob Nelsen, a successful biotech investor who on Monday launched Resilience, a giant new pharma production platform that he believes will prepare America for its next major health challenges.

Ben Geman, author of Generate
Updated 2 hours ago - Energy & Environment

Unpacking Joe Biden's decision to tap John Kerry as his climate envoy

Photo: Pablo Blazquez Dominguez/Getty Images

President-elect Joe Biden is naming former Secretary of State John Kerry as a special presidential envoy for climate change.

Why it matters: The transition team's announcement sought to show that it will be an influential role, noting that Kerry — a former Massachusetts senator and the Democrats' 2004 presidential nominee — will be on the National Security Council.