Elon Musk: "There will not be a steering wheel" in 20 years - Axios
Featured

Elon Musk: "There will not be a steering wheel" in 20 years

Elon Musk in 2015 (AP's Ringo H.W. Chiu)

Elon Musk predicted that within 10 years nearly all new cars made in the U.S. will be autonomous, and half of those will be fully electric vehicles. "China is probably going to be ahead of that," the Tesla and SpaceX chief said Saturday, speaking at the National Governors Association meeting in Providence, Rhode Island.

Within 20 years, he said driving a car will be like having a horse (i.e. rare and totally optional). "There will not be a steering wheel."

Musk also used the appearance to encourage the governors to be careful about what regulations they make and which things they incentivize.

Why it matters: All of Musk's businesses — SpaceX, Tesla and his new Boring Co. tunnel business — depend on new approaches to regulation.

In a discussion with Nevada Gov. Brian Sandoval, Musk also touched on several other topics:

On energy:

Musk noted that it would only take about 100 square miles of solar panels to power the entire United States and the batteries needed to store the energy would only need to take about a square mile. That said, he imagines the energy shifting to a large dose of rooftop solar, some power plant solar, along with wind, hydro and nuclear power.

"It's inevitable," Musk said, speaking of shifting to sustainable energy. "But it matters if it happens sooner or later."

As for those pushing some other type of fusion, Musk notes that the sun is a giant fusion reactor in the sky. "It's really reliable," he said. "It comes up every day. if it doesn't we've got [other] problems."

On artificial intelligence:

Musk said it represents a real existential threat to humanity and a rare example of where regulation needs to be proactive, saying that if it is reactive it could come too late.

"In my opinion it is the biggest risk that we face as a civilization," he said.

No matter what, he said, "there will certainly be a lot of job disruption."

Robots will be able to do everything better than us, I mean all of us. I'm not sure exactly what to do about this. This is really like the scariest problem.

On regulation:

"It sure is important to get the rules right," Musk said. "Regulations are immortal. They never die unless somebody actually goes and kills them. A lot of times regulations can be put in place for all the right reasons but nobody goes back and kills them because they no longer make sense."

Musk also focused on the importance of incentives, saying whatever societies incentivize tends to be what happens. "It's economics 101," he said.

On what drives him:

"I want to be able to think about the future and feel good about that, to dream what we can to have the future be as good as possible. To be inspired by what is likely to happen and to look forward to the next day. How do we make sure things are great? That's the underlying principle behind Tesla and SpaceX."

On Tesla's stock price:

Musk said he has been on record several times as saying its stock price "is higher than we have any right to deserve" especially based on current and past performance. "The stock price obviously reflects a lot of optimism on where we will be in the future," he said. "Those expectations sometimes get out of control. I hate disappointing people, I am trying really hard to meet those expectations."

Musk also talked about Trump when answering a question from Axios at the event. More on that here.

Featured

First GOP health care bill fails, with many more votes to come

C-SPAN

The Senate GOP's Affordable Care Act replacement plan did a face plant on Tuesday night, with nine Republicans and all Democrats voting against it. But it was only the first vote of what's sure to be a long process, and its failure wasn't a surprise.

Why this matters: This was the Senate's best attempt at an ACA replacement, after about two and a half months of closed-door meetings attempting to find something that could bridge the caucus' deep divides. Its failure suggests Senate Republicans won't be able to come together on a replacement plan without Democrats in the future, no matter what happens next.

What's next: A vote on a bill that repeals the Affordable Care Act's subsidies, taxes and Medicaid expansion but leaves in place its regulations. It's expected to be tomorrow at noon.

The version of the bill, the Better Care Reconciliation Act, that the Senate voted down tonight included an agreement by Sens. Ted Cruz and Rob Portman that added $100 billion to help low-income people transitioning off of Medicaid, as well as Cruz's proposal to let insurers sell health plans that don't meet ACA requirements as long as they also sell plans that do.

Since neither of these were scored by the Congressional Budget Office, the BCRA amendment needed 60 votes to pass, meaning it was doomed from the start as Democrats were never going to support it.

Republicans who voted against the bill: Mike Lee, Susan Collins, Bob Corker, Lindsey Graham, Rand Paul, Dean Heller, Jerry Moran, Lisa Murkowski, Tom Cotton.

Featured

Trump rallies in Ohio

Carolyn Kaster / AP

President Trump slipped into campaign mode Tuesday evening before an enthusiastic crowd in Youngstown, Ohio. He repeated his claim that he's accomplished more than almost any other president during his first six months in office, getting some of his biggest cheers of the night by comparing himself to the greats:

  • "With the exception of the late great Abraham Lincoln, I can be more presidential than any president that's ever held this office."
  • "I'd ask whether or not you think someday I should be on Mount Rushmore, but here's the problem — if I did it jokingly, having fun, the fake news media would say he believes he should be on Mount Rushmore, so I won't say it, I won't say it."
Featured

Sessions issues new guidelines on sanctuary cities

Andrew Harnik / AP

Attorney General Jeff Sessions rolled out a new strategy to push back against sanctuary cities today, adding two new conditions for cities to obtain popular grants for local law enforcement from the Department of Justice:

  • Federal immigration authorities must be granted access to local detention facilities.
  • The federal government must receive 48 hours notice before a local authority can release an illegal immigrant in custody who is wanted by federal authorities.

Why it matters: Even as Trump hints at firing his attorney general both publicly and privately, Sessions is continuing to implement DOJ policy that's perfect red meat for Trump's base — and, indeed, Trump himself.

Featured

House votes 419-3 for new Russia sanctions

Evan Vucci / AP

The House passed a bill Tuesday that would place new sanctions on Russia, Iran and North Korea by a 419-3 vote. The Senate passed a similar bill in June, by a 98-2 margin.

Speaker Paul Ryan released a statement saying: "The bill we just passed with overwhelming bipartisan support is one of the most expansive sanctions packages in history. It tightens the screws on our most dangerous adversaries in order to keep Americans safe."

The House bill requires congressional review of any actions President Trump wishes to take to relieve the sanctions, and the administration has argued that would limit Trump's ability to deal with Russia. But the wide margins mean Trump will have to either sign the bill, or risk an override of his veto.

What's next: This version of the bill heads to the Senate for approval.

Featured

SEC concludes that "initial coin offerings" may be securities

BTC Keychain / Flickr CC

After an investigation, the Securities and Exchange Commission has concluded that organizations offering or selling digital assets using blockchains or distributed ledgers may be subject to securities laws, depending on the circumstances. This includes "initial coin offerings" (ICOs), a recently popularized crowdfunding method by which an organization issues virtual currencies or tokens.

Why it matters: ICOs are becoming increasingly popular among some circles of technologists. So far, hundreds of millions of dollars have been raised through ICOs, including the most recent record-breaker, Tezos, which brought in $232 million earlier this month.

Top concern: The SEC says that its main concern is ensuring that investors partake in these offerings and sales with full knowledge of the risks. By making these sales subject to securities laws, organizations will have to comply with disclosure requirements.

"Investors need the essential facts behind any investment opportunity so they can make fully informed decisions, and today's report confirms that sponsors of offerings conducted through the use of distributed ledger or blockchain technology must comply with the securities laws," said William Hinman, director of the division of corporation finance, in a statement.

Origin: The SEC's investigation stems from an inquiry into The DAO, a decentralized organization that intended to operate as an investment fund managed by shareholders and raised its funds through an ICO. However, in June 2016, it was hacked and some of its funds were syphoned. The SEC has concluded that it doesn't qualify as a broker-dealer or crowdfunding portal, though the commission won't pursue charges in this case — instead choosing to simply issue guidance to the industry.

More investor info: The SEC also issued an investors' guide in handling ICOs and similar digital asset sales.

Featured

Trump promises three new "big, big, big" Apple plants in U.S.

Trump is seated between Apple CEO Tim Cook and Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella, in the State Dinning Room during yesterday's tech summit (AP's Alex Brandon)

Apple is declining to comment on any plans to expand domestic manufacturing after President Trump told the Wall Street Journal that the iPhone maker was planning three "big, beautiful plants" in the U.S.

Trump didn't say where the plants would be, but did add that they would be "big, big, big."

Worth noting: Apple uses contract manufacturers, mostly in Asia, to assemble nearly all its products, while a number of its suppliers have operations in the U.S. Thus, any domestic expansion is likely to come in conjunction with a supplier or contract manufacturer. Apple has also committed to investing another $1 billion in US manufacturers through an advanced manufacturing fund and is taking a $1 billion stake in SoftBank's $100 billion Vision Fund, which plans to make investments in US-based manufacturing.

Trump's hand: In the interview, Trump said he told Apple CEO Tim Cook that he wouldn't consider his administration's economic efforts a success if Apple didn't shift some work to the U.S.

Featured

Timeline shortens on North Korea's nuclear strike capabilities

Wong Maye-E / AP

North Korea is on the course to be able to field a reliable, nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) as early as next year, according to a confidential report from the Defense Intelligence Agency, per The Washington Post. This prediction now matches more closely the revised estimations coming from South Korea.

Why it matters: That jumps the timeline forward by two full years and ramps up the pressure on the U.S. and regional allies to halt North Korean progress. Kent Boydston, a research analyst at the Petersen Institute for International Economics, told Axios this will likely make the U.S. calls for isolating North Korea financially stronger. Boydston added that this will "make any kind of South Korea to North Korea engagement increasingly unlikely."

Why the change: As Tom Karako, senior fellow on the Missile Defense Project at CSIS, told Axios, "the activity of the last few years has been especially intense. It's not really a surprise that they're getting a closer to no-kidding ICBM deployment." Pyongyang has advanced its fuel and missile capabilities beyond what experts anticipated was possible, and its July 4 test of a missile capable of hitting parts of Alaska showed U.S. officials just how close the North Korean threat is according to Scott Bray, ODNI manager for East Asia.

What to watch:

  • North Korea does not yet have the capability to use reentry vehicles, which would allow warheads to survive reentry into the atmosphere despite high pressures and speeds. The Washington Post reports North Korea might be testing a new reentry vehicle around this Thursday, a North Korean national holiday. U.S. spy agencies have detected activity indicating a test is in the works.
  • There is also a submarine making erratic maneuvers, which could foreshadow a test launch from a sub, which would also indicate an important technological development, given how complex it is to launch a missile through layers of water.
  • "This is why we have long had operational plans to strike, defeat, and defend against missile threats like this, of both longer and shorter range varieties," Karako said. Read more on Axios about whether the U.S. is ready for an attack, here.

The DIA and ODNI declined to comment on classified assessments.

Featured

More Senate health bill provisions violate budget rules

J. Scott Applewhite / AP

The Senate parliamentarian has ruled that more provisions of the Better Care Reconciliation Act — the Senate's Affordable Care Act replacement bill — don't comply with budget rules, meaning they'd need 60 votes to pass. These include a provision allowing insurers to charge older people more in premiums than under current law — the provision AARP has called an "age tax" — and the provision allowing small businesses to sell "association health plans," an important GOP priority.

However, the provision allowing states to choose to receive a Medicaid block grant, rather than a per-person funding cap, does comply with budget rules, meaning it only needs 50 votes like the rest of the bill. A provision broadening the ACA's state innovation waivers to include more of the law's regulations is still pending review.

Why it matters: The Senate bill was already struggling to win support among enough Republicans, and shedding more big pieces isn't going to help.

Featured

AT&T's Internet TV service nears 500K users as traditional video business weakens

Mike Mozart / Flickr Creative Commons

AT&T said Tuesday that it now has nearly 500,000 subscribers in its Internet-based DirecTV Now video service. That comes amid continued losses in its traditional DirecTV video service.

DirecTV Now also faces a host of Internet-based competition, including Hulu, Dish Networks' Sling, Sony's PlayStation Vue and Google's YouTube TV. Sling leads the back, according to Ad Age, with an estimated 1.7 million subscribers, while Sony has around 450,000. Nielsen said earlier today it plans to start counting Hulu and YouTube TV along with the other leading TV services.

Earnings up, Revenue down: Overall, AT&T posted per-share earnings 79 cents, a nickel ahead of expectation and up nearly 10 percent from the prior year. Revenues, though were down a bit from a year-ago, to $39.8 billion amid weakness in both wireline and consumer wireless.

Phone business tough: AT&T said it added 2.3 million wireless customers in the U.S., but as has been the case for a couple years now, nearly all the gains came from connected cars and other non-phone devices.

Featured

Dems call for protests as GOP moves forward on health care bill

Cliff Owen / AP

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell told reporters he looks forward to finalizing the health care bill through an open amendment process by the end of the week. But "this is just the beginning. We're not out here to spike the football," he said.

Majority Whip John Cornyn nodded to Sen. John McCain's speech calling for bipartisan cooperation. Open debate "could well be the beginning of that healing process for this institution."

Meanwhile, Senate Democrats took to the capital steps with a bull horn.

  • Sen. Chris Murphy: "There are 51 senators who need to hear from you."
  • Sen. Jeff Merkley: "How about if we fill the streets outside every Republican office across America? That's the kind of action we need."
  • Sen. Elizabeth Warren: "Make no mistake, we have lost an important battle today. But we have not yet lost this war."