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Expand chart
Data: U.S. Census Bureau; Map: Connor Rothschild and Naema Ahmed/Axios

White, non-Hispanic Americans now account for less than six in 10 people in the U.S. — a more precipitous drop over the past decade than experts expected — and they're no longer the racial-ethnic majority in 13% of U.S. counties.

The big picture: America's identity is shifting with its population.

  • Redistricting will decide how partisan power is divvied up for the next decade — but in some states, those politically driven decisions may obscure these deeper statistical trends.

By the numbers: White, non-Hispanic Americans are about 58% of the U.S. population, according to data from the 2020 census released on Thursday. That's lower than the estimates of 60%, and it compares with about 64% in 2010.

  • They are no longer the racial-ethnic majority in 400 of the nation's 3,100+ counties and county equivalents, up from 340 a decade ago.

Be smart: The pace of the decline may reflect a combination of actual change plus new ways the Census Bureau is asking about demographic identity to capture Americans who identify with more than one race.

The intrigue: Nonwhiteness and diversity are actually two different measures. The Census also has developed a way to calculate diversity based on how likely it is that two people chosen at random within a boundary will be of different races or ethnicities.

  • The least diverse state, by this measure, is Maine, at 19%. The most diverse is Hawaii, at 76%.

Go deeper

Georgia's immigrant voices speak up during redistricting

Illustration: Brendan Lynch/Axios

In two weeks, Georgia lawmakers will meet to redraw the state and congressional political maps that decide who will wield power for the next 10 years.

And activists are rallying Georgia’s diverse immigrant communities to make sure they're adequately represented when the ink dries.

Why it matters: Today, roughly one in every 10 Georgians is foreign-born. Asians make up 4% of Georgia’s population, up from half a percent in 1980. Over the next three decades, the Latino population is expected to grow by 1.2 million, according to a 2018 study by the Georgia Budget and Policy Institute.

Updated 13 mins ago - Politics & Policy

Giuliani associate Lev Parnas convicted of campaign finance crimes

Lev Parnas, a former associate of then-President Donald Trump’s personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani. Photo: Stefani Reynolds/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Florida businessman Lev Parnas was convicted Friday on charges of conspiracy to make foreign contributions to political campaigns, according to multiple outlets.

Why it matters: Prosecutors said Parnas, then an associate of former President Donald Trump's personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani, funneled over $150,000 from a Russian businessman into U.S. campaigns as part of an effort to land licenses in the U.S.'s legal cannabis industry.

Supreme Court agrees to hear challenges to Texas abortion law

Photo: Saul Loeb/AFP via Getty Images

The Supreme Court on Friday agreed to hear two cases challenging Texas' abortion law, which bans the procedure as soon as six weeks into pregnancy, but left the law in place in the meantime.

Why it matters: The court is moving extraordinarily fast on the Texas cases, compressing into just a few days a process that normally takes months. And that schedule means the court will take up Texas' ban a month before it hears another major abortion case — a challenge to Mississippi's own 2018 ban on abortions after 15 weeks.