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Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

It used to be scarce and hard-earned, but suddenly family time is abundant in the era of shelter-in-place.

Why it matters: For the first time since the early 19th century, many parents and kids — and even grandchildren — are all under the same roof round-the-clock. And if past periods of emergency are any guide, this enforced togetherness could deepen our relationships for years to come.

The long-term view: While cooped-up families may now be powerfully sick of day-to-day whining and bickering, sociologists say that — historically speaking — enduring hardship together builds stronger connections.

  • The U.S. divorce rate plummeted during the Great Depression and the 2008 financial crash.
  • Expect the same during the pandemic, says Brad Wilcox, a professor of sociology and director of the National Marriage Project at the University of Virginia.
  • “When society is facing a tremendous challenge or there’s a big uptick in suffering, people orient themselves in a less self-centered way and in a more family-centric way,” Wilcox tells Axios.

Several families tell us they're growing closer as they're forced to ride out the pandemic as a clan.

  • "The strangest thing I’ve noticed is a sense of bonding," says Steven Singleterry, who works in finance and lives in Brandon, Mississippi.
  • "We spend much less time on electronics and more time together," he says. "I think it’s a product of schooling the kids from home as well as home becoming the new all-in-one."

The challenge: Forcing multiple generations to live in the same space can test our patience. People with young children struggle to balance caregiving with work, and adults who have moved back in with their parents are figuring out how to recalibrate the relationship.

Some families have devised creative solutions:

  • Christopher Mims, a Wall Street Journal columnist who lives in Baltimore, says his young kids have built an entire LEGO-based trade economy that keeps them occupied for most of the day. "They interrupt me constantly. ... But each day it gets easier. They get wrapped up in deep imaginative play and I can ignore them for long periods," he tells Axios.
  • Singleterry's take: "We’ve instituted more hands-on activities with regard to art and music that we had not done previously — the kids have enjoyed that."

For many families, the current situation "forces a total re-evaluation of work-life balance," says AnnMarie Thomas, a professor of engineering at the University of St. Thomas in St. Paul Minnesota.

  • "I think the key way family life has changed, for families where the parents are fortunate enough to be working from home right now, is that the family is always all here," she says.

The other side: While millions of Americans are enjoying a family renaissance, others are living through the worst of times.

  • The Brookings Institution estimates that around 60 million essential workers are still going to their jobs on the front lines, and that's affecting their families.
  • Those who are still going to work in critical industries are frequently putting in longer hours than usual — not only spending less time with kids, but also often dealing with child care crises.
  • Many families are dealing with the loss of loved ones or jobs, which tend to disrupt family life and harm people's marriages, Wilcox says. "We can’t minimize the ways this is a shock to the system for many families."
  • And experts say we're staring down a domestic violence crisis fueled by anxiety, stay-at-home rules and economic uncertainty, reports Axios' Ina Fried.

The bottom line: For better or worse, these months spent inside the home will have a lasting impact.

  • Some families tell us they hope they can stick to cooking at home more often.
  • Some parents say the break from their normal routines has freed up time to play outside with the kids — something they hope to keep up.
  • Historian and author Judith Flanders told me: "In good family situations, this is fabulous. Then in bad family situations, the badness will be magnified."

Go deeper

Biden's two-step negotiating process

President Biden departs Geneva. Photo: Martial Trezzini/Pool/AFP via Getty

President Biden's summit "reset" was less about trying to make a friend out of Russia than reframing what the U.S. believes can be accomplished by engaging with President Vladimir Putin.

Driving the news: The Geneva meeting yielded no immediate breakthroughs beyond agreements about ambassadors returning to work and plans to launch talks on nuclear security. But in classic Biden fashion — aviators on, jacket off and a one-liner about invading Russia he had to clarify was a joke — the U.S. president used a post-summit news conference to explain his approach.

Scoop: NRCC to accept cryptocurrency donations

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

The Republicans' House campaign arm will begin accepting contributions in cryptocurrency, Axios has learned.

Why it matters: The National Republican Congressional Committee is the first national party committee to solicit crypto donations. That puts it at the forefront of a disruptive financial technology that could test campaign finance rules.

32 mins ago - Politics & Policy

By the numbers: Federal holiday adoption dates

Data: FederalPay; Chart: Connor Rothschild/Axios

In the 244-year history of the United States, the government has created 10 federal holidays. Juneteenth — to be marked on June 19 — will become No. 11.

Why it matters: It's not clear how all Americans will come to commemorate a day celebrating the formal end of slavery in the U.S., but it will come with all the trappings of the others: a day off for federal employees, and a potential close of businesses.

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