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Illustration: Shoshana Gordon/Axios

The U.S. is more diverse, more urbanized and growing slower overall than in past decades, according to data from the 2020 census released on Thursday.

Why it matters: The decennial census provides a snapshot of the ever-changing demographics of the U.S. — and sets up the partisan fight over how states will redistribute electoral power for the next decade through redistricting.

The big picture: Almost all of the country's population growth occurred in large metro areas over the decade. For the first time, all 10 of the largest U.S. cities have more than 1 million people.

  • And rural areas shrunk as cities grew: More than half of U.S. counties saw their overall populations decline compared to 2010, Marc Perry, a senior demographer at the Census Bureau said during the press conference.

Also for the first time ever, there was an overall decline in the non-Hispanic white population.

  • The U.S. is more diverse overall than a decade ago. There was a 61.1% chance nationally that two people chosen at random were from different races or ethnicities.

What to watch: Some states have rapidly approaching redistricting deadlines, cut-offs for candidate filings and primary dates. The delayed census results will force expedited map-drawing — and any litigation that ensues.

  • Party officials, attorneys and experts will have an eye on states that are gaining or losing congressional seats— like Texas, Florida, North Carolina, New York and Illinois. The new census data provides a better sense of where extra seats might go in some states and which areas might lose representation in others.
  • The census released the data in what is called the legacy format, which isn't as easily digested. It could take days for some state redistricting officials to convert the data into maps. A more user-friendly version of the data will be released at the end of September.

Go deeper

Cheaper real estate lures Californians to Texas

A for-sale sign outside an Austin-area home. Photo: Ed Lallo/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Just as it seems every Californian and her brother are moving to Central Texas, a recent study compares the economic policies of California and Texas and how they affect quality of life.

Why it matters: The two most populous states in the country have long epitomized contrasting ideas about government, including policies on taxes, regulation and, more recently, pandemic response.

Updated 31 mins ago - World

Reports: Brazil leader to be accused of crimes against humanity over COVID

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro. Photo: Andressa Anholete/Bloomberg via Getty Images

A Brazilian Senate panel will recommend President Jair Bolsonaro be charged with "crimes against humanity," alleging his COVID-19 pandemic response led to hundreds of thousands of deaths, per the New York Times and the Washington Post.

The latest: The lawmakers initially said Bolsonaro should be charged with mass homicide and genocide, but lawmakers updated the report to replace these with the new charge, its lead author, Sen. Renan Calheiros, told the NYT.

California governor declares drought emergency for entire state

California Gov. Gavin Newsom speakinng to reporters in Los Angeles in September. Photo: Allen J. Schaben/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images

California Gov. Gavin Newsom (D) extended a drought emergency declaration to cover the entire state on Tuesday.

Why it matters: "California is experiencing its worst drought since the late 1800s, as measured by both lack of precipitation and high temperatures," per a statement from the governor's office. This past August was the driest and hottest one on record, "and the water year that ended last month was the second driest on record," the statement added.