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Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and President Donald Trump. Photo: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

Canada last year resettled more refugees than the U.S. for the first time since the creation of the Refugee Act of 1980, according to a Pew Research analysis of new UNHCR data.

The big picture: Over the course of a decade, the number of displaced people globally jumped from 43.3 million to 70.8 million according to the UNHCR report. There are more people being forced to live outside their home country as a result of persecution, conflict, violence or human rights violations than at any other time since World War II.

  • The number of refugees the U.S. accepts fell from a recent high of 97,000 in 2016 to 33,000 in 2017 to just 23,000 last year. Canada, meanwhile, resettled 28,000 — a similar total to 2017. Refugee resettlement numbers in Australia and the U.K. also fell last year.

By the numbers:

  • The U.S. received the largest number of asylum applications in the world at 254,300 in 2018, but it's not a record high. A majority came from El Salvador.
  • There were 13.6 million newly displaced people in 2018. 10.8 million were displaced internally, while 2.8 million were considered new refugees and asylum seekers.
  • 2.9 million displaced people returned to their native countries in 2018.
  • 67% of displaced refugees came from Syria (6.7 million), Afghanistan (2.7 million), South Sudan (2.3 million), Myanmar (1.1. million) and Somalia (0.9 million).
  • Turkey is home to the largest number of refugees in the world with 3.7 million. That's followed by Pakistan (1.4 million), Uganda (1.2 million), Sudan (1.1 million) and Germany (1.1 million).
  • Children under the age of 18 make up half of the global refugee population.

Go deeper: Axios' special report on the worst refugee crisis since World War II

Go deeper

NASA estimates Tonga volcano exploded with force of 5-6 megatons

A satellite image of Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha’apai volcano on Dec. 24, before the eruption. Photo: Satellite image ©2022 Maxar Technologies

NASA scientists estimate the power of Tonga's volcanic eruption over the weekend to have been 5-6 Megatons of TNT equivalent.

Threat level: Saturday's eruption of the Hunga Tonga Hunga Haʻapai volcano and subsequent tsunami killed at least three people. Scientists warn an "ash-seawater cocktail" poses a potentially toxic health threat, and drinking water could be contaminated.

Updated 3 hours ago - Politics & Policy

New York AG alleges "significant evidence" of Trump Organization fraud

Combination images of former President Trump and New York State Attorney General Letitia James. Photo: Al Drago/Bloomberg via Getty Images; Scott Heins/Getty Images

New York's attorney general filed a motion Tuesday seeking to compel former President Trump and his two elder children to appear for sworn testimony in her office's civil investigation into the Trump Organization's financial dealings.

Why it matters: Attorney General Letitia James revealed new details in the court filing and a statement on her office's investigation into the Trump Organization's business practices, including a preliminary finding alleging the company used "fraudulent and misleading asset valuations to obtain economic benefits."

5 hours ago - Technology

Ex-N.Y. Post digital chief files lawsuit alleging sexual harassment

Richard B. Levine) (Photo by Richard Levine/Corbis via Getty Images

Former New York Post editor Michelle Gotthelf is suing her former employer, its parent company News Corp. and two editors, alleging she was reprimanded after complaining to senior executives that she was sexually harassed by retired N.Y. Post editor-in-chief Col Allan. The N.Y. Post issued a statement denying any wrongdoing.

Why it matters: "I felt that I owed it to myself and I owed it to the news organization and the people who answered to me," Gotthelf, who was a long time editor at the N.Y. Post, told Axios in an interview.

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