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Illustration: Lazaro Gamio/Axios

With impeachment hogging Congress' agenda, no national privacy law is likely to pre-empt California's stringent rules from going into effect next year — and activists in the state are already gearing up to put an even tougher initiative on the state's 2020 ballot.

Why it matters: California's rules often become de facto national standards. Home to Google and Facebook, this is where the tech industry's user-tracking, ad-targeting economy was born, but now it's also where efforts to tame the industry keep sprouting.

Driving the news: Real estate developer Alastair Mactaggart and his organization Californians for Consumer Privacy, which led the drive for a state law in 2018, last week introduced a new privacy-focused ballot initiative for 2020 that would bolster the requirements of the state's current law.

  • The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), passed in 2018 and set to go into effect Jan. 1, 2020, gives state residents the right to find out whatever personal information about them companies possess, to have them delete it, and to stop them from selling it.

The new ballot initiative goes further ...

  • establishing a data protection agency for the state to enforce new privacy laws and make new regulations.
  • creating a new class of "sensitive information" — data like social security numbers, precise location, and financial info — that firms could not sell without users opting in.
  • enacting a new right to correct inaccurate personal information stored by companies.

Flashback: The CCPA was written and passed hastily in 2018 as part of a deal with Mactaggart and his group to withdraw an earlier ballot initiative that had first spurred the push for a state-level privacy law in California.

  • Businesses have argued ever since that the law is full of loopholes and needs to be revised, but the California legislature defeated efforts to revamp the law.
  • The tech industry hoped that bipartisan efforts in Congress earlier this year would produce a less strict national privacy law that would take precedence over California's, but those efforts faltered.

Between the lines: Critics say big global companies that have already adapted to Europe's strict GDPR rules won't bat an eye at further privacy limits in California, while small firms and startups may find themselves hobbled.

  • CCPA only applies to companies with over $25 million in revenue, personal information on at least 50,000 people, or earning at least half their money by selling consumers' personal information.
  • The new initiative raises the bar to apply only to firms with information on 100,000 customers or households.

What's next: California initiatives need more than 600,000 signatures to qualify for the ballot.

  • If the new privacy initiative qualifies, it will get a yes or no decision from voters in 2020.
  • Successful initiatives are much harder to modify or amend than laws passed by the state legislature.

Go deeper: The future of privacy starts in California

Go deeper

House Judiciary Committee advances reparations bill in historic vote

Sheila Jackson Lee. Photo: Al Drago/Getty Images

The House Judiciary Committee voted 25 to 17 Wednesday to advance a bill that would create a commission to study reparations for Black Americans who are the descendants of slaves.

Why it matters: "No such bill has ever come this far during Congressional history of the United States," said Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-Texas), who sponsored the bill, per the Washington Post.

Updated 3 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Officer Kim Potter arrested, charged with manslaughter in Daunte Wright's death

Kim Potter's booking photos. Photo: Hennepin County Sheriff's Office

Kim Potter, the former police officer charged with second-degree manslaughter in the fatal shooting of Daunte Wright, was released on a $100,000 bond on Wednesday, Hennepin County jail records show.

Why it matters: Sunday's shooting of the 20-year-old Black man in Brooklyn Center, Minnesota, just 10 miles from where George Floyd was killed by a Minneapolis police officer last year, has reinvigorated Black Lives Matter protests and led to three consecutive nights of unrest.

Updated 3 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Biden names Erika Moritsugu as senior AAPI liaison

Erika Moritsugu. Photo courtesy: National Partnership for Women & Families

President Biden has named Erika Moritsugu as deputy assistant to the president and Asian American and Pacific Islander senior liaison, the White House announced Wednesday.

Driving the news: The decision follows weeks of pressure from AAPI leaders to include more Asian American representation at the Cabinet level and in senior administration roles.