Mar 4, 2021 - World

U.S. imposes fresh export controls on Myanmar over military coup

Photo of a protester holding a sign that says "Reject military coup" while walking next to a vehicle of soldiers

Photo: Hkun Lat via Getty Images

The United States on Thursday announced new export restrictions for Myanmar, and blocked the country's defense and home affairs ministries and other entities from some types of trade.

The big picture: The new rules come in response to the escalating military crackdown on anti-coup protesters in Myanmar.

Details: The new rules include a more restrictive review of license applications for exports and reexports involving sensitive items subject to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) to any end user in Myanmar.

  • Exports of items intended for military use are subjected to additional restrictions under the EAR, with applications reviewed "under a presumption of denial."
  • The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is applying the measures "consistently with the policy applied to similar transactions involving the People’s Republic of China, Russia, and Venezuela."
  • BIS has also added Myanmar's defense and home affairs ministries, the Myanmar Economic Corporation and the Myanmar Economic Holding Limited to the Entity List, which is used to limit export licensing for individuals or organizations "reasonably believed to be involved ... in activities contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States."

What they're saying: "The United States remains fully committed to the people of Burma, and strongly condemns violence by the Burmese military against peaceful protesters," the Commerce Department said in a statement.

  • "We will not allow the Burmese military to continue to benefit from access to items subject to the EAR. Commerce is reviewing potential additional measures as warranted by the military’s actions," the department added.
  • "The U.S. government will continue to hold perpetrators of the coup responsible for their actions."
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