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Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) at a rally May 13. Photo: Alex Wong/Getty Images

The Green New Deal resolution, introduced in February by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) and Sen. Ed Markey (D-Mass.), has helped cement climate change as a real topic in the 2020 presidential race.

What's happening: More Democratic candidates have pitched climate change policy that goes beyond the Green New Deal, largely to prepare for events like CNN's "climate crisis" town hall. The GND — which is more of a call to arms than a strict policy proposal — outlines a 10-year mobilization plan to move the country toward a 100% carbon-free power system and a decarbonized economy.

Climate policy from GND co-sponsors
  • Sen. Bernie Sanders: His $16.3 trillion plan to tackle climate change frequently touts the Green New Deal as the driving force behind restructuring how the U.S. consumes energy. His plan references the GND more than other co-sponsors' plans.
    • Sanders wants to invest $200 billion in the United Nation's Green Climate Fund for developing countries and create a $40 billion Climate Justice Resiliency fund.
  • Sen. Elizabeth Warren: She has multiple climate plans, the latest of which pledges $3 trillion to purchase clean energy products for federal buildings and to invest in zero-emission vehicles and decarbonize other means of transit.
    • She endorsed a carbon tax at CNN "climate crisis" town hall.
  • Sen. Amy Klobuchar: Her plan includes a $1 trillion investment to upgrade the U.S. energy infrastructure and promote "green economy" jobs, with a focus on rural areas. She also wants to strengthen tax incentives for climate research.
Climate policy from GND supporters
  • Former Vice President Joe Biden: His plan would invest more than $5 trillion over 10 years and calls for conserving 30% of America’s land and water by 2030, seeking a G20 commitment to end export finance subsidies of high-carbon projects, reducing U.S. buildings' carbon footprint by 50% by 2035, and reaching net-zero emissions by 2050. Biden supports a carbon tax, and doesn't think a federal push to ban fracking is realistic.
  • Former tech executive Andrew Yang: His plan would invest $4.87 trillion over 20 years, which includes "pre-disaster mitigation grants for high-risk hurricane communities," combating wildfires, establishing a Climate Change Adaptation Institute, and investing in geoengineering research. Yang also wants to incentivize divestment in oil companies.
  • Mayor Pete Buttigieg: His plan would put at least $550 billion into 3 investment funds: a "Clean Energy Bank" to fund local clean energy projects, a "Global Investment Initiative" for clean energy and infrastructure projects and to "counter China's Belt and Road initiative," and a "Cleantech Fund" to bankroll "demonstration projects."
    • Buttigieg would also put $200 billion toward job training for workers displaced from fossil fuel companies.
  • Billionaire Tom Steyer: He wants the planet to reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2045, require all new parking structures to charge electric vehicles by 2022, invest $375 billion to decarbonize buildings, put $650 billion into clean-energy transit, and ban fracking, mining and drilling on public lands.
Climate policy from GND opposers:
  • President Trump: His administration has completed 58 environmental policy roll backs, per the NYT, including: lowering regulation requirements of major industrial polluters via the Clean Air Act and loosening offshore drilling safety regulations implemented after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
  • Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg: His plan calls for 80% of electricity-generation in the U.S. to come from clean sources, allocating $25 billion per year to research clean energy, reversing Trump's policy rollbacks, and banning new fossil fuel leases on federal lands.
    • Bloomberg does not support the Green New Deal, deeming the cost too great. He does not believe it would pass the Senate in the next two years, a campaign spokesperson confirmed to Axios. "His focus is on plans that are practical and achievable," they said.

Go deeper:

Editor's note: This story has been updated with more policy information. Cory Booker, Kamala Harris, Beto O'Rourke, Julián Castro, Kirsten Gillibrand, Marianne Williamson and Jay Inslee have been removed after dropping out of the 2020 race.

Go deeper

Updated 55 mins ago - Science

Volcanic eruption in Tonga caused "significant" damage

This satellite image of the eruption on Jan. 15 taken by Himawari-8, a Japanese weather satellite operated by Japan Meteorological Agency and released by National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT). Photo: NICT via AP

Significant damage has been reported in Tonga following an undersea volcanic eruption on Saturday, which covered the Pacific nation in ash and cut off communication lines.

Driving the news: The eruption triggered tsunami warnings across Tonga's islands and in other regions, including the West Coast of the U.S. and New Zealand.

Updated 2 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Trump dogs "dull" DeSantis ahead of potential 2024 matchup

Photo illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios. Photo: Paul Hennessy/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

Donald Trump is trashing Ron DeSantis in private as an ingrate with a "dull personality" and no realistic chance of beating him in a potential 2024 showdown, according to sources who've recently talked to the former president about the Florida governor.

Why it matters: The two are among the most popular Republicans in the country, and as the former president eyes another run in 2024, he's irked by DeSantis' popularity and refusal to rule out running against him.

Updated 2 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Omicron dashboard

Illustration: Brendan Lynch/Axios

  1. Health: Concerns grow over CDC's isolation guidelines — Experts warn of more COVID-19 variants after Omicron — WHO recommends 2 new treatments — What "mild" really means when it comes to Omicron.
  2. Vaccines: America's vaccination drive runs out of gas— Puerto Rico expands booster shot requirements— Supreme Court blocks Biden's vaccine mandate for large employers.
  3. Politics: Vivek Murthy calls SCOTUS vaccine mandate block "a setback for public health" — Focus group says Biden weak on COVID response, strong on democracy.
  4. Economy: America's labor shortage is bigger than the pandemic— — CDC COVID guidance for cruise ships to be optional starting Saturday — The cost of testing.
  5. States: America struggles to keep schools open — Youngkin ends mandates for masks in schools and COVID vaccinations for state workers.
  6. World: Beijing reports first local Omicron case weeks before Winter Olympics — Teachers in France stage mass walkout over COVID protocols.
  7. Variant tracker