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Trends in the Annual Rate of Legal Intervention Injury Among Youth Aged 0 to 19 Years by Race and Ethnicity and Sex. Screenshot: JAMA Pediatrics

Nearly 16,000 children and adolescents went to the emergency room or hospital due to police encounters between 2005 and 2017, with rates four to seven times higher for Black kids compared to white kids, according to a statewide analysis in California.

Why it matters: While youth are less likely to be injured by policing compared to adults, the analysis published in JAMA Pediatrics shows kids aren't spared the racial disparities seen in law enforcement of adults.

By the numbers: Black boys 15 to 19 years old had the highest rate at 200.9 per 100,000 person-years, experiencing about 143 additional injuries per 100,000 person-years compared with white boys of the same age.

  • Black girls of the same age experienced 4.3 times the injury rate compared with white girls.
  • Black boys 10 to 14 years old had 5.3 times the injury rate of white boys, and Black girls experienced 6.7 times the injury rate of white girls.

Be smart: The study authors note hospital administrative data may underestimate injuries just as death certificate data underreport when Black people are killed by law enforcement.

A separate analysis of nearly 30 studies that included nearly 20,000 people concluded police exposure was associated with "multiple health outcomes for Black youth, including adverse mental health, risk behaviors and impaired safety."

  • Police exposure should be considered a critical determinant of health for children and adolescents, the authors write.

Go deeper

Oct 18, 2021 - Axios Twin Cities

Minnesota offers cash and chance at $100K scholarship as vaccine incentive for teens

Expand chart
Data: Minnesota COVID-19 Response; Chart: Will Chase/Axios

Minnesota is offering new incentives to shot-wary teens in an effort to boost the state's COVID-19 vaccination rates.

Driving the news: 12 to 17 year olds who get both doses over the next six weeks will receive a $200 Visa gift card, Gov. Tim Walz's administration announced Monday.

  • Kids vaccinated during this period can also enter a lottery for one of five $100,000 scholarships to attend any of the state's public or private colleges or universities.

Why it matters: Public health officials say increasing vaccination rates among young Minnesotans is key to curbing spread of the virus, especially in schools.

Video gaming's "harder road" to racial diversity

Photo illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios. Photo: Barry James Gilmour/Fairfax Media via Getty Images

Game developer Chandana "Eka" Ekanayake waited till mid-career to found a startup because he didn't see a path to do it. "I joke about this on Twitter: I wish I had 'white man confidence,'" he says now. "I would have started a company at 25."

Historically, that confidence hasn't been encouraged in the gaming sector. Ekanayake is now one of several entrepreneurs aiming to speed up diversification in a field where progress has been slow.

California governor declares drought emergency for entire state

California Gov. Gavin Newsom speakinng to reporters in Los Angeles in September. Photo: Allen J. Schaben/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images

California Gov. Gavin Newsom (D) extended a drought emergency declaration to cover the entire state on Tuesday.

Why it matters: "California is experiencing its worst drought since the late 1800s, as measured by both lack of precipitation and high temperatures," per a statement from the governor's office. This past August was the driest and hottest one on record, "and the water year that ended last month was the second driest on record," the statement added.