Photo: Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images

The White House framework on immigration reform that came out yesterday is a non-starter for influential figures on the left and right.

But, but, but: A senior White House official pushed back at our reporting, noting only President Trump or a member of congressional leadership can stop a bill in its tracks.

Put simply: Stephen Miller is dangling out a DACA amnesty in exchange for more wall funding — which sounds very generous to the uninitiated. But how will this get 60 votes?

Pushback from the right:

  • Roy Beck of NumbersUSA, a group that wants to lower immigration levels: "The plan seems eerily similar to the blueprint used for the 2007 Bush-Kennedy amnesty..."
    • "Even if new applications for chain migration categories are stopped immediately, the framework would allow chain migration to continue for decades by allowing all of the four million foreigners in the waiting list to continue coming."
  • Mark Krikorian of the Center for Immigration Studies: "By specifically saying that 1.8M 'dreamers' would get amnesty, WH proposal guarantees that as a *floor*; the number in any bill that actually passes will inevitably be higher."

Pushback from the left:

  • The price is way too high for Democrats. The wall funding is way, way too high at $25 billion. A number closer to $10 billion is more realistic.
  • The larger problems: The increase of ICE agents, faster deportations, stronger interior enforcement and the massive cuts to legal immigration by eliminating extended family migration.
  • The bottom line: Two progressive immigration leaders who’ve analyzed the proposal believe it could lead to reductions of 40-50% in legal immigration — the biggest reductions since the 1920s.

Editor's Note: This post has been updated to add more information.

Go deeper

The apocalypse scenario

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Democratic lawyers are preparing to challenge any effort by President Trump to swap electors chosen by voters with electors selected by Republican-controlled legislatures. One state of particular concern: Pennsylvania, where the GOP controls the state house.

Why it matters: Trump's refusal to commit to a peaceful transfer of power, together with a widely circulated article in The Atlantic about how bad the worst-case scenarios could get, is drawing new attention to the brutal fights that could jeopardize a final outcome.

Federal judge rules Trump administration can't end census early

Census workers outside Lincoln Center in New York. Photo: Noam Galai/Getty Images

A federal judge ruled late Thursday that the Trump administration could not end the 2020 census a month early.

Why it matters: The decision states that an early end — on Sept. 30, instead of Oct. 31 — would likely produce inaccuracies and thus impact political representation and government funding around the country.

Caitlin Owens, author of Vitals
1 hour ago - Health

Where bringing students back to school is most risky

Data: Coders Against COVID; Note: Rhode Island and Puerto Rico did not meet minimum testing thresholds for analysis. Values may not add to 100% due to rounding; Cartogram: Andrew Witherspoon/Axios

Schools in Southern and Midwestern states are most at risk of coronavirus transmission, according to an analysis by Coders Against COVID that uses risk indicators developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The big picture: Thankfully, schools have not yet become coronavirus hotspots, the Washington Post reported this week, and rates of infection are lower than in the surrounding communities. But that doesn't mean schools are in the clear, especially heading into winter.

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